[IMZ-TwinPlus bone implant system--4 years clinical experience].

Abstract

AIM OF THE STUDY For more than twenty years the IMZ-system has been in clinical use, since 1995 modified as IMZ-TwinPlus. The aim of this prospective clinical trial was to analyse the success of the latter implant system, which is an automatically threading cylindrical titanium screw with a deep structured surface (Fa. FRIATEC AG, Mannheim, BRD). Investigated parameters were the peri-implant situation of the soft tissues, the bone loss and the rate of implant failure after a maximum period of 4.5 years of clinical use. MATERIAL AND METHODS From 1995-2000 sixty-eight patients were provided with a total of 278 IMZ TwinPlus screw implants for various indications (mainly alveolar ridge atrophy). 191 implants were inserted without any, 35 implants with a loco-regional and another 52 implants after comprehensive reconstructive osteoplastic surgery. 38 patients with 155 implants were re-examined using a standardised protocol to evaluate peri-implant hard- and soft tissue situation as well as the patient's subjective assessment of the treatment. RESULTS With a maximum of 54 months the mean observation period was 30 months. The implant failure rate has risen to 6% so far (n = 18 in 12 patients). Two patients bearing 7 implants have passed away. One patient with 4 implants was lost to follow up. 249 implants were still under function at examination, thus the in situ rate was 91%. The Kaplan-Meier survival rate after 54 months proved 91%. DISCUSSION To our knowledge there are at present no other data published on the survival rate of the IMZ TwinPlus implant system. The results of this study evaluate a survival rate similar to the classical IMZ cylinder implant and other implant systems for the analysed observation period. CONCLUSIONS After a maximum observation period of 4.5 years the IMZ TwinPlus implant system showed results in the range of other well-established implant systems. Designed to resist rotation of the superstructure the IMZ TwinPlus screw implant widens the range of indications in comparison to the classical IMZ cylinder implant system.

Cite this paper

@article{Weibrich2001IMZTwinPlusBI, title={[IMZ-TwinPlus bone implant system--4 years clinical experience].}, author={Gernot Weibrich and Simone Gnoth and Rainer S R Buch and F Mueller and Anja Helena Loos and Wilfried Wagner}, journal={Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie : MKG}, year={2001}, volume={5 2}, pages={120-5} }