IMITATION IN ANIMALS: EVIDENCE, FUNCTION, AND MECHANISMS

@article{Zentall2001IMITATIONIA,
  title={IMITATION IN ANIMALS: EVIDENCE, FUNCTION, AND MECHANISMS},
  author={Thomas R. Zentall},
  journal={Cybernetics and Systems},
  year={2001},
  volume={32},
  pages={53 - 96}
}
  • T. Zentall
  • Published 1 January 2001
  • Psychology
  • Cybernetics and Systems
The terms sociallearning and social influence have been used descriptively and theoretically to characterize a broad range of animal behavior from physical antipredatory adaptations such as eye spots, which are totally under genetic control, to the human capacity for the exaggeration of individual characteristics, known as caricature, which are largely under cognitive control. In the present review, the various forms of social influence and social learning are identified and distinghished from… 

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Despite many studies of the subject there is little agreement on the nature or extent of imitative learning, and a survey of the experimental studies reveals such a variety of definitions and criteria that most textbooks avoid the issue as to whether or not animals can learn by imitation.

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The term `'imitation'' is generally used by ethologists to cover interactions between conspecifics in which an unusual or novel behavioral repertoire exhibited by an animal is emitted by an observing

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