author={Alan N. Crawford},
  journal={The Historical Journal},
  pages={969 - 989}
Abstract In 1896, the Russian empire established a territorial concession in the Chinese treaty port of Hankou. Russian activity in the treaty ports has usually been subsumed into a wider ‘European’ or ‘Western’ presence, the assumption being that the Russian empire copied existing British and French concessions. This article traces the development of the idea of establishing a Russian concession from its inception to the early years of its development. The various arguments made at different… 



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  • S. Paine
  • Political Science, Economics
    The Journal of Asian Studies
  • 1998
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