III. On the mechanical equivalent of heat

@article{JouleIIIOT,
  title={III. On the mechanical equivalent of heat},
  author={James Prescott Joule},
  journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London},
  pages={61 - 82}
}
  • J. P. Joule
  • Philosophy
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
“Heat is a very brisk agitation of the insensible parts of the object, which produces in us that sensation from whence we denominate the object hot; so what in our sensation is heat, in the object is nothing but motion.”—Locke. “The force of a moving body is proportional to the square of its velocity, or to the height to which it would rise against gravity.”— Leibnitz. 

Tables from this paper

Some Ideas of James Watt in Contemporary Energy Conversion Thermodynamics

James Watt contributed significantly to the development of the thermodynamics of energy conversion as a science. Several of his ideas are now integral part of thermodynamics, but Watt as their

Joule’s Experiments on the Heat Evolved by Metallic Conductors of Electricity

The focus of this paper is one of James Prescott Joule’s scientific contributions: the laws of heat production by electric currents in conductors. In 1841, the 22 years old Joule published a paper

The Second Law: The Entropy Growth Potential Principle and the Three-Place Relation in Heat Phenomena

Perfection in Gibbsian equilibrium thermodynamics has led to the impression that the Kelvin–Clausius formulation of MTH is flawless. In fact, perfection exists only in equilibrium thermodynamics

Thermal Stress and Its Physiological Implications

  • N. Taylor
  • Biology
    Stress: Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pathology
  • 2019

On the Energy Concept Problem: Experiments and Interpretations

TLDR
The conservation of a magnitude that the authors call energy nowadays was discovered by Mayer and Joule; an indestructible and transformable entity was not; adopting the original conservation principle would be enough to avoid the energy concept problem.

Conservation of Energy: Missing Features in Its Nature and Justification and Why They Matter

TLDR
This paper surveys the difference and its relevance to the 1690s–2010s Leibnizian argument that mind-body interaction is impossible due to conservation laws and concludes that improved science teaching would serve the truth and enhance the social credibility of science.

Taking the temperature of a pure quantum state

Temperature is a deceptively simple concept that still raises deep questions at the forefront of quantum physics research. The observation of thermalisation in completely isolated quantum systems,

Allostery and Kinetic Proofreading.

TLDR
This work introduces an alternative conceptual scheme called "the piston model of proofreading" where enzyme activation through hydrolysis is replaced with allosteric activation achieved through mechanical work performed by a piston on regulatory ligands.

Literature +

The importance of Dr. Guillaume’s work for the study of prophecy lies in his intimate knowledge of Arabic literature and thought. He accepts the normal contrast between the two types of religion

Introduction to IDTC Special Issue: Joule's Bicentenary History of Science, Foundations and Nature of Science

James Prescott Joule’s (1818–1889) bicentenary took place in 2018 and commemorated by the IDTC with a Symposium—‘James Joule’s Bicentenary: Scientific and Pedagogical Issues Concerning Energy