IGF-1 induces rat glomerular mesangial cells to accumulate triglyceride.

@article{Berfield2006IGF1IR,
  title={IGF-1 induces rat glomerular mesangial cells to accumulate triglyceride.},
  author={Anne K Berfield and Alan Chait and John F. Oram and Richard A Zager and Ali C. M. Johnson and Christine K. Abrass},
  journal={American journal of physiology. Renal physiology},
  year={2006},
  volume={290 1},
  pages={F138-47}
}
Rat glomerular mesangial cells (MC) become lipid-laden foam cells when they are exposed to IGF-1. IGF-1 increased accumulation of triglyceride (TG) 2.5-fold in MC after 7 days. TG accumulation resulted from enhanced macropinocytosis and decreased efflux secondary to a 40-50% reduction in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-delta (PPARdelta). There was no evidence of primary or secondary changes in cholesterol or TG synthesis, increased uptake by LDL or scavenger receptors, or… CONTINUE READING
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