ICA for Watermarking Digital Images

@article{Bounkong2003ICAFW,
  title={ICA for Watermarking Digital Images},
  author={St{\'e}phane Bounkong and Bor{\'e}mi Toch and David Saad and David Lowe},
  journal={Journal of Machine Learning Research},
  year={2003},
  volume={4},
  pages={1471-1498}
}
We present a domain-independent ICA-based approach to watermarking. This approach can be used on images, music or video to embed either a robust or fragile watermark. In the case of robust watermarking, the method shows high information rate and robustness against malicious and nonmalicious attacks, while keeping a low induced distortion. The fragile watermarking scheme, on the other hand, shows high sensitivity to tampering attempts while keeping the requirement for high information rate and… CONTINUE READING
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