I. Genotype-environment interaction in the schizophrenia spectrum: genetic liability and global family ratings in the Finnish Adoption Study.

Abstract

In the Finnish Adoption Study, a national sample of adoptees with high versus low genetic liability for schizophrenia spectrum disorders was indexed by DSM-III-R diagnoses of their biological, adopting-away mothers. The rearing-family environments of the adoptees were independently evaluated from global ratings of directly observed adoptive family relationships. The interaction of high genetic liability and dysfunction of the rearing families predicted highly significantly to schizophrenia spectrum disorder of the adoptees at 21-year follow-up. Either low genetic liability or healthy rearing protected against a spectrum outcomes for the adoptees. Initial adoptive parent diagnosis, as a proxy for rearing family dysfunction, predicted to adoptee outcome only as a trend.

Cite this paper

@article{Wynne2006IGI, title={I. Genotype-environment interaction in the schizophrenia spectrum: genetic liability and global family ratings in the Finnish Adoption Study.}, author={Lyman C Wynne and Pekka Tienari and Pentti Nieminen and Anneli Sorri and Ilpo Lahti and Juha Moring and Mikko Naarala and Kristian L{\"a}ksy and Karl-Erik Wahlberg and Jouko Miettunen}, journal={Family process}, year={2006}, volume={45 4}, pages={419-34} }