I, Robot. You, Journalist. Who is the Author?

@article{Montal2017IRY,
  title={I, Robot. You, Journalist. Who is the Author?},
  author={Tal Montal and Zvi Reich},
  journal={Digital Journalism},
  year={2017},
  volume={5},
  pages={829 - 849}
}
The broadening reliance on algorithms to generate news automatically, referred to as “automated journalism” or “robot journalism”, has significant practical, sociopolitical, psychological, legal and occupational implications for news organizations, journalists and their audiences. One of its most controversial yet unexplored aspects is the algorithmic authorship. This paper integrates a multidisciplinary theoretical framework of algorithmic creativity, bylines and full disclosure policies… 
A Robot Wrote This?
As more news articles are written via collaboration between journalists and algorithms, questions have arisen regarding how automation influences the way that news is processed and evaluated by
Algorithms in the newsroom? News readers’ perceived credibility and selection of automated journalism
TLDR
An experiment to investigate how European news readers perceive different forms of automated journalism in regard to message and source credibility, and how this affects their selection behavior shows that, in large part, credibility perceptions of human, automated, and combined content and source(s) may be assumed equal.
When Reporters Get Hands-on with Robo-Writing
TLDR
Analyzing professional journalists’ experiences with robo-writing software and their judgements on the limitations of automation reveals the need for skills—news judgement, curiosity, and scepticism—that human journalists embody.
Automation, Journalism, and Human–Machine Communication: Rethinking Roles and Relationships of Humans and Machines in News
TLDR
It is argued that journalism studies, and particularly research focused on automated journalism, has much to learn from Human-Machine Communication (HMC), an emerging conceptual framework and empirically grounded research domain that has formed in response to the growing number of technologies designed to function as message sources, rather than as message channels.
A systematic review of automated journalism scholarship: guidelines and suggestions for future research
Background: The use of advanced algorithmic techniques is increasingly changing the nature of work for highly trained professionals. In the media industry, one of the technical advancements that
Understanding User Perception of Automated News Generation System
TLDR
NewsRobot, a research prototype that automatically generated news on major events of the PyeongChang 2018 Winter Olympic Games in real-time, and found users preferred individualized news yet considered it less credible, and NewsRobot was considered factual and accurate yet shallow in depth.
Attribution Practices for the Man-Machine Marriage: How Perceived Human Intervention, Automation Metaphors, and Byline Location Affect the Perceived Bias and Credibility of Purportedly Automated Content
ABSTRACT Automation is increasingly serving a role in the production of news. Attribution practices that recognize the journalistic contributions of automation, however, have yet to be standardized.
Journalism Reconfigured
TLDR
The changing role of newsworkers vis-à-vis the machines through the stages of newsmaking is uncovered and the extent to which the machine is capable of augmenting and exerting power on the news production process is assessed.
Using computational tools to support journalists’ creativity
This paper presents work surrounding INJECT, a newsroom innovation offering digital tools to support journalists. Research showing increasing time and resource pressure on journalists has led to
Man vs. Machine? The Impact of Algorithm Authorship on News Credibility
TLDR
Findings for combined authorship are split: there were no differences between objective and non-objective articles when it comes to message credibility, however, combined authorships is rated higher in source credibility when the article is not objective than when the articles is objective.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 61 REFERENCES
The Robotic Reporter
Among the emergent data-centric practices of journalism, none appear to be as potentially disruptive as “automated journalism.” The term denotes algorithmic processes that convert data into narrative
Enter the Robot Journalist
The advent of new technologies has always spurred questions about changes in journalism—its content, its means of production, and its consumption. A quite recent development in the realm of digital
Towards a sociology of computational and algorithmic journalism
  • C. Anderson
  • Computer Science, Sociology
    New Media Soc.
  • 2013
TLDR
The bulk of the article outlines a series of six lenses through which an approach to computational journalism might be carried out, four of which are drawn from Schudson’s classic typology of the sociology of news—economic, political, cultural, and organizational approaches.
Coding Creativity: Copyright and the Artificially Intelligent Author
For more than a quarter century, interest among copyright scholars in the question of AI authorship has waxed and waned as the popular conversation about AI has oscillated between exaggerated
Journalist versus news consumer : The perceived credibility of machine written news
This research aims to contribute to the unexplored field of audience studies with a focus on the credibility of automated journalism. In this paper, we take a systematic look into the perceived
From Mr. and Mrs. Outlier To Central Tendencies
This study examines the impact of computational journalism on the creation and dissemination of crime news. Computational journalism refers to forms of algorithmic, social scientific, and
Constrained authors: Bylines and authorship in news reporting
The proliferation of bylines characterized the news as an imperfect, all too human account of reality, opening the way towards journalistic stardom, altering power relations within the news industry
Textual DNA
For the first time, this paper studies the evolution of photojournalists' bylines compared to reporters' bylines, which proved a sensitive barometer of longitudinal changes in reporters' status,
THE POLITICS OF JOURNALISTIC CREATIVITY
This article begins with the assertion that creativity in journalism has moved from being a matter of guile and ingenuity to being about expressiveness, and that this reflects a broader cultural
The Vanishing Author in Computer-Generated Works: A Critical Analysis of Recent Australian Case Law
The use of software is ubiquitous in the creation of many copyright works, yet the requirement in copyright law that every work have a human author who engages in independent intellectual effort
...
1
2
3
4
5
...