Cardiovascular effects of epidural blocks in dogs
- I Nolte, GCG Watney, LW Hall
- J Small Anim Pract
In this chapter I will discuss the special anesthetic considerations in the orthopaedic patient by dividing the material into four major sections: elective surgery, multiple-trauma patients, spinal injury, and head injury. Some of the problems and considerations are certainly pertinent to two or more of these categories but will be presented in the section in which they are most significant. Many problems can be solved in various ways, all of which will be listed, but the major emphasis will be on the methods I use and my reasons for doing so. Table 8-1 presents a comprehensive listing of pharmacologic agents used in anesthetic procedures.