Hypothermic protection (26-25 degrees C) without perfusion cooling for surgery of congenital cardiac defects using prolonged occlusion.


Open heart surgery was performed without perfusion under deep hypothermia in 343 patients with congenital heart defects aged from 1 year 3 months to 44 years. Cooling to a temperature of 26-25 degrees C in the oesophagus was achieved by covering the body with crushed ice. The patients were maintained under superficial ether narcosis and they were given… (More)


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