The aim of the present study was to clarify the relationship between hypothalamic dopamine (DA) and salsolinol (SAL) for the secretion of prolactin (PRL) in goats. SAL or thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) was intravenously injected into female goats treated with or without the D2 DA receptor antagonist haloperidol (Hal), which crosses the blood-brain barrier, and the PRL-releasing response to SAL was compared with that to TRH. PRL-releasing responses to SAL, Hal, and Hal plus SAL were also examined after a pretreatment to augment central DA using carbidopa (Carbi) and L-dopa. The PRL-releasing response to Hal alone was greater than that to SAL or TRH alone. The PRL-releasing response to Hal plus SAL was similar to that of Hal alone. In contrast, the PRL-releasing response to Hal plus TRH was greater than that to TRH or Hal alone. The treatment with Carbi plus L-dopa inhibited SAL- and Hal-induced PRL secretion. The inhibition of the PRL-releasing response to SAL disappeared when SAL was injected with Hal. These results indicate that the mechanisms underlying the SAL-induced PRL response differ from those of TRH, and suggest that hypothalamic DA and its synthesis is associated in part with SAL-induced PRL secretion in goats.