Hypopituitarism due to sports related head trauma and the effects of growth hormone replacement in retired amateur boxers

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been recently recognized as a leading cause of pituitary dysfunction. Current data clearly demonstrated that sports related head trauma due to boxing, kickboxing, and soccer might results in pituitary hormone deficiencies, isolated growth hormone (GH) deficiency in particular. In the present report physiologic dose GH… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s11102-009-0204-0

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