Hypocalcemic disorders.

@article{BoveFenderson2018HypocalcemicD,
  title={Hypocalcemic disorders.},
  author={Erin Bove-Fenderson and Michael Mannstadt},
  journal={Best practice \& research. Clinical endocrinology \& metabolism},
  year={2018},
  volume={32 5},
  pages={
          639-656
        }
}
Calcium is vital for life, and extracellular calcium concentrations must constantly be maintained within a precise concentration range. Low serum calcium (hypocalcemia) occurs in conjunction with multiple disorders and can be life-threatening if severe. Symptoms of acute hypocalcemia include neuromuscular irritability, tetany, and seizures, which are rapidly resolved with intravenous administration of calcium gluconate. However, disorders that lead to chronic hypocalcemia often have more subtle… 
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