Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for obesity: a meta-analytic reappraisal.

@article{Allison1996HypnosisAA,
  title={Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for obesity: a meta-analytic reappraisal.},
  author={D B Allison and Myles S Faith},
  journal={Journal of consulting and clinical psychology},
  year={1996},
  volume={64 3},
  pages={
          513-6
        }
}
I. Kirsch, G. Montgomery, and G. Sapirstein (1995) meta-analyzed 6 weight-loss studies comparing the efficacy of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) alone to CBT plus hypnotherapy and concluded that "the addition of hypnosis substantially enhanced treatment outcome" (p.214). Kirsch reported a mean effect size (expressed as d) of 1.96. After correcting several transcription and computational inaccuracies in the original meta-analysis, these 6 studies yield a smaller mean effect size (.26). Moreover… 

Tables from this paper

Clinical Hypnosis as an Adjunct to Cognitive Behavior Therapy: An Updated Meta-Analysis
TLDR
The results of this updated analysis support the adjunctive use of hypnosis as an enhancer of CBT’s efficaciousness and endurance as a treatment.
Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy: a meta-analysis.
A meta-analysis was performed on 18 studies in which a cognitive-behavioral therapy was compared with the same therapy supplemented by hypnosis. The results indicated that the addition of hypnosis
Hypnotic enhancement of cognitive-behavioral weight loss treatments--another meta-reanalysis.
  • I. Kirsch
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1996
TLDR
Correlational analyses indicated that the benefits of hypnosis increased substantially over time (r = .74), and computational inaccuracies in both previous meta-analyses were corrected.
Hypnotic enhancement of cognitive-behavioral interventions for pain: an analogue treatment study.
TLDR
Under circumstances optimized to detect an enhancement effect, neither Stress Inoculation Training nor analgesia suggestions produced more relief when delivered in a hypnotic context than identical treatments provided nonhypnotically.
Comparison Of Effect Sizes Of Three Group Treatments For Weight Loss
The current study assessed the efficacy of hypnosis as an adjunct to a standard cognitivebehavioral program for the treatment of obesity. Weight loss was compared among participants who received the
An Exploratory Outcome Comparison between an Ericksonian Approach to Therapy and Brief Dynamic Therapy
TLDR
An interesting finding was that without direct discussion of the target complaint, ET brought about the same improvement on targeted problems as BDT.
Effects of a Brief Mindful Hypnosis Intervention on Stress Reactivity: A Randomized Active Control Study
TLDR
This study provides the first empirical support that BMH is superior to an active-control intervention for reducing stress reactivity while significantly increasing mindfulness and relaxation.
Cognitive-Behavior Therapy and Change: Unconditional Self Acceptance and Hypnosis in CBT
This article reflects upon several critical factors in promoting durable therapeutic change. Among these issues are rational disputation and endorsement; unconditional self-and-other acceptance;
Hypnotic Analgesia and Stress Inoculation Training: Individual and Combined Effects in Analog Treatment of Experimental Pain
The individual and combined effects of hypnotic analgesia and a multicomponent cognitive–behavioral intervention were compared in the analog treatment of experimental pain. Eighty-three participants
Unconscious Agendas in the Etiology of Refractory Obesity and the Role of Hypnosis in Their Identification and Resolution: A New Paradigm for Weight-Management Programs or a Paradigm Revisited?
TLDR
A hypnotherapeutic approach within which a combination of instructional/pedagogic and exploratory therapeutic sessions can work together synergistically to maximize the potential for sustained weight loss is described.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 32 REFERENCES
Hypnosis as an Adjunct to Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy for Obesity: A Meta-Analytic Reappraisal
1. Kirsch, G. Montgomery, and G. Sapirstein (1995) meta-analyzed 6 weight-loss studies comparing the efficacy of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) alone to CBT plus hypnotherapy and concluded that the
Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy: a meta-analysis.
A meta-analysis was performed on 18 studies in which a cognitive-behavioral therapy was compared with the same therapy supplemented by hypnosis. The results indicated that the addition of hypnosis
Hypnotic enhancement of cognitive-behavioral weight loss treatments--another meta-reanalysis.
  • I. Kirsch
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1996
TLDR
Correlational analyses indicated that the benefits of hypnosis increased substantially over time (r = .74), and computational inaccuracies in both previous meta-analyses were corrected.
Hypnosis and weight loss: a preliminary study.
  • T. Wadden, J. Flaxman
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 1981
TLDR
The findings suggest that the efficacy of hypnosis as a weight-reduction strategy is attributable to factors shared in common with a minimum treatment condition, including positive expectancy, weekly participation in a reduction program, relaxation training, and limited dietary counseling.
Effectiveness of hypnosis as an adjunct to behavioral weight management.
TLDR
This study examined the effect of adding hypnosis to a behavioral weight-management program on short- and long-term weight change and found that the hypnosis clients showed significant additional weight loss, while those in the behavioral treatment exhibited little further change.
Hypnotizability and weight loss in obese subjects
TLDR
The specificity of hypnosis in the program was supported by a significant correlation between weight loss and SHSS:C scores for the same group, and subject attrition was about equal across all treatment groups, suggesting all treatments were perceived as active.
The effect of demonstrating to a subject that she is in a hypnotic trance as a variable in hypnotic interventions with obese women.
  • Y. Goldstein
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 1981
Abstract In order to investigate the question of whether or not Ss experiencing a phenomenon during trance which would be very unlikely to occur outside of trance improves the efficacy of hypnotic
Hypnosis and weight reduction: which is the cart and which is the horse?
  • G. Cochrane
  • Psychology
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 1992
TLDR
A brief review of the literature on hypnosis for weight reduction, present weight-reduction outcome data, outline variables common to people with chronic weight problems, and suggestions for future uses of hypnosis within a comprehensive approach to weight reduction rather than as the primary treatment are offered.
The (limited) possibilities of hypnotherapy in the treatment of obesity.
TLDR
A brief overview of specific hypnotherapeutic techniques--such as teaching relaxation, increasing self-control, encouraging physical exercise, altering self-esteem and body image, strengthening motivation, and exploring ambivalence for change--that can be involved in a multidimensional approach to obesity are provided.
Suggestion with and without hypnotic induction in a weight reduction program.
TLDR
Within groups, highly suggestible Ss lost more weight in the hypnotic group, while suggestibility was unrelated to weight loss in the task-motivational group.
...
1
2
3
4
...