Hypnosis and Imaging of the Living Human Brain

  title={Hypnosis and Imaging of the Living Human Brain},
  author={Mathieu Landry and Amir Raz},
  journal={American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis},
  pages={285 - 313}
  • Mathieu LandryA. Raz
  • Published 13 January 2015
  • Psychology, Biology
  • American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Over more than two decades, studies using imaging techniques of the living human brain have begun to explore the neural correlates of hypnosis. The collective findings provide a gripping, albeit preliminary, account of the underlying neurobiological mechanisms involved in hypnotic phenomena. While substantial advances lend support to different hypotheses pertaining to hypnotic modulation of attention, control, and monitoring processes, the complex interactions among the many mediating variables… 

Brain correlates of hypnosis: A systematic review and meta-analytic exploration

Hypnotic Ability and Baseline Attention: fMRI Findings From Stroop Interference

Findings from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) show that high-hypnotizable participants, compared with low- Hypnotizables, may maintain a distinct baseline of attention even outside of hypnosis or suggestion.

Hypnosis and top-down regulation of consciousness

Brain Responses to Hypnotic Verbal Suggestions Predict Pain Modulation

The fronto-parietal network (supracallosal ACC and PO) has been associated with self-regulation and perceived self-agency and deactivation of these regions during suggestions is predictive of the modulation of brain responses to noxious stimuli in areas previously associated with pain perception and pain modulation.

In the Intersubjective Space: Hypnosis Through a Neuropsychological Lens

It is posits that hypnosis represents a skill set through which attuned clinicians engage in co-creative dances with clients, where the choreography of their interaction attends and responds to spontaneously arising and/or deliberately seeded opportunities for adaptive change.

The “Mysteries of Hypnosis:” Helping Us Better Understand Hypnosis and Empathic Involvement Theory (EIT)

  • R. Pekala
  • Psychology
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 2016
It is my belief that the authors need to generate more “precise” phenomenological descriptors of the mind during hypnosis and related empathic conditions, as Wickramasekera II (2015) has suggested in his article.

Alterations of Agency in Hypnosis: A New Predictive Coding Model

It is argued that suggested motor behavior and the experience of passivity accompanying it can be accounted for in terms of active inference and proposed that motor suggestions optimize both proprioceptive predictions and actual proprioception evidence through attentional modulation.



Neuroimaging resolution of the altered state hypothesis

Hypnosis Modulates Activity in Brain Structures Involved in the Regulation of Consciousness

Regression analyses between regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and self-ratings confirm the hypothesized involvement of the anterior cingulate cortex, the thalamus, and the ponto-mesencephalic brainstem in the production of hypnotic states.

The facilitating effect of clinical hypnosis on motor imagery: An fMRI study

Brain correlates of hypnotic paralysis—a resting-state fMRI study

Hypnotic suggestion reduces conflict in the human brain.

  • A. RazJin FanM. Posner
  • Psychology, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
This work combined neuroimaging methods to provide high temporal and spatial resolution and studied highly and less-hypnotizable participants both with and without a suggestion to interpret visual words as nonsense strings to provide a more scientific account relating the neural effects of suggestion to placebo.

Neuro-hypnotism: Prospects for hypnosis and neuroscience

Attention and Hypnosis: Neural Substrates and Genetic Associations of Two Converging Processes

  • A. Raz
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 2005
Underlining data from attentional networks, neuroimaging, and genetics, these findings should help to explain individual differences in hypnotizability and the neural systems subserving hypnosis.

Increased cerebral functional connectivity underlying the antinociceptive effects of hypnosis.

Modulating the Default Mode Network Using Hypnosis

Using hypnosis as a means of altering the resting state in conjunction with subjective measures and brain imaging, the authors found that the state of attentional absorption following a hypnotic induction was associated with reduced activity in DMN and increased activity in prefrontal attentional systems.