Hyperventilation-induced panic attacks in panic disorder with agoraphobia

@article{Maddock1991HyperventilationinducedPA,
  title={Hyperventilation-induced panic attacks in panic disorder with agoraphobia},
  author={R. Maddock and C. Carter},
  journal={Biological Psychiatry},
  year={1991},
  volume={29},
  pages={843-854}
}
Eight minutes of hyperventilation to an end-tidal PCO2 of less than 20 mmHg led to a panic attack in 7 of 12 patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia and only 1 of 12 normal controls. Patients experienced greater increases in panic symptoms than controls during hyperventilation. Patients who reported more distress from somatic symptoms of hyperventilation during the preceding week were more likely to panic during hyperventilation. Patients who panicked during hyperventilation exhibited a… Expand
87 Citations
Hyperventilation and panic attacks
  • 28
The hyperventilation provocation test in panic disorder.
  • 23
Panic disorder and hyperventilation.
  • 20
  • PDF
Psychophysiological reactions to two levels of voluntary hyperventilation in panic disorder.
  • 16
  • PDF
Hyperventilation in panic disorder patients and healthy first-degree relatives.
  • 17
  • Highly Influenced
  • PDF
Slow Recovery From Voluntary Hyperventilation in Panic Disorder
  • 112
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES
Hyperventilation as a cause of panic attacks.
  • G. Hibbert
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • British medical journal
  • 1984
  • 43
  • Highly Influential
Hyperventilation and anxiety in panic disorder, social phobia, GAD and normal controls.
  • 97
Hyperventilation and panic disorder.
  • 85
Ventilatory physiology of patients with panic disorder.
  • 341
Effects of low pulmonary CO2 on panic anxiety.
  • 25
Lactate provocation of panic attacks. I. Clinical and behavioral findings.
  • 347
Measurement of lactate-induced panic and anxiety
  • 215
...
1
2
3
4
...