Hypertension, proteinuria and azotaemia in diabetes.

Abstract

The prevalence of hypertension was evaluated in 479 white subjects with diabetes, according to the type of diabetes and the presence of persistent proteinuria as a marker for diabetic nephropathy. Hypertension was uncommon in 178 insulin dependent diabetic subjects without proteinuria (5%) (mean age 25.0 +/- 12.5 years), but occurred in 23% of 58 patients with proteinuria (mean age 28.9 +/- 14.1 years) and in 90% with azotaemia (P less than 0.00001). Among patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes hypertension was found in 25% of 170 without renal disease (mean age 48.0 +/- 10.3 years) and in 53% of 53 (mean age 51.4 +/- 13.0 years) with proteinuria (P = 0.0002). We conclude that the prevalence of hypertension among subjects with diabetes depends on the type of diabetes, age, and the presence and severity of diabetic renal involvement.

Cite this paper

@article{Braude1991HypertensionPA, title={Hypertension, proteinuria and azotaemia in diabetes.}, author={Monique C. Braude and C E Osler and Dr Philip R. Taylor and William John Kalk}, journal={South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde}, year={1991}, volume={80 9}, pages={431-3} }