Hypersegregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Black and Hispanic Segregation Along Five Dimensions

  title={Hypersegregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Black and Hispanic Segregation Along Five Dimensions},
  author={Douglas S. Massey and Nancy A. Denton},
Residential segregation has traditionally been measured by using the index of dissimilarity and, more recently, the P* exposure index. These indices, however, measure only two of five potential dimensions of segregation and, by themselves, understate the degree of black segregation in U.S. society. Compared with Hispanics, not only are blacks more segregated on any single dimension of residential segregation, they are also likely to be segregated on all five dimensions simultaneously, which… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Hypersegregation in the twenty-first century
There were declines in the number of metropolitan areas with black hypersegregation, although levels of segregation experienced by blacks remained significantly higher than those of the other groups, even after a number of factors were controlled. Expand
Dimensions of racial segregation, hypersegregation, and Black homicide rates
Prior research assessing the association between racial residential segregation and Black urban homicides has not considered each of the five dimensions of segregation or the phenomenon ofExpand
Immigrant residential segregation in U.S. metropolitan areas, 1990–2000
It is found that immigrants who have been in the United States for longer periods are generally less segregated than new arrivals, and once again, much of this difference can be attributed to the characteristics of immigrants, but patterns also vary across groups. Expand
Does Hypersegregation Matter for Black-White Socioeconomic Disparities?
Using a time-varying measure of segregation types, this work indicates that in some cases, hypersegregated metropolitan areas have been associated with larger black-white socioeconomic disparities beyond those found in metropolitan areas that are highly segregated in terms of dissimilarity but are not hypersegregation. Expand
Reconsidering Race, Class, and Residential Segregation in American Cities
Scholars have often discounted social class as a substantial contributor to residential segregation by race, in part as a result of using the dissimilarity index, which is likely to show high levelsExpand
  • J. Rugh, D. Massey
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race
  • 2013
Multivariate analyses reveal that minority segregation and spatial isolation are actively produced in some areas by restrictive density zoning regimes, large and/or rising minority percentages, lagging minority socioeconomic status, and active expressions of anti-Black and anti-Latino sentiment, especially in large metropolitan areas. Expand
Poverty, Prosperity, and Place: The Shape of Class Segregation in the Age of Extremes
Rising economic disparities in the United States at the end of the twentieth century make understanding the severity and determinants of residential segregation between the affluent and poorExpand
Segregated Diversity
As both older and newer immigrant gateway metropolitan areas grow more racially diverse, scholars of neighborhood change want to know whether these areas are also becoming more residentiallyExpand
Segregation by race and income in the United States 1970-2010.
A systematic analysis of residential segregation and spatial interaction by income reveals that as income rises, minority access to integrated neighborhoods, higher levels of interaction with whites,Expand
The changing structure of school segregation: Measurement and evidence of multiracial metropolitan-area school segregation, 1989–1995
It is found that the average levels of multiracial school segregation have been unchanged from 1989 to 1995, but that this stability masks important shifts in the geographic and racial components making upaverage levels of total metropolitan school segregation. Expand


Suburbanization and Segregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas
This article examines trend in suburganization for blacks, Hispanics, and Asians from 1970 to 1980 in 59 U.S. metropolitan areas and consider the effect of suburbanization on segregation at theExpand
Trends in the residential segregation of blacks Hispanics and Asians: 1970-1980.
This paper examines trends in residential segregation for blacks Hispanics and Asians in 60 [U.S.] SMSAs between 1970 and 1980 using data taken from the 1970 Fourth Count Summary tapes and the 1980Expand
The Effect of Residential Segregation on Black Social and Economic Well-Being
This paper investigates some of the consequences of black residential segregation using specially compiled data for Philadelphia in 1980. Blacks, like whites, at- tempt to improve their neighborhoodExpand
The Dimensions of Residential Segregation
This paper conceives of residential segregation as a multidimensional phenomenon varying along 5 distinct axes of measurement: evenness exposure concentration centralization and clustering. 20Expand
Residential segregation of Spanish Americans in united states Urbanized Areas
Results show that Spanish Americans are much less segregated from whites than are blacks and are less concentrated within central cities, while black-white segregation is maintained at a high level in both areas. Expand
Racial Differences in Underemployment in American Cities
  • D. Lichter
  • Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 1988
The geographic mismatch between where blacks reside and where jobs are located is frequently cited as contributing to the growing black underclass in the nation's urban centers. The "spatialExpand
“Chocolate city, vanilla suburbs:” Will the trend toward racially separate communities continue?
Abstract Almost a decade ago, the Kerner Commission warned that this country was moving toward two societies—one white and one black. Data on residential segregation indicate clear-cut boundaries forExpand
Residential segregation in urbanized areas of the United States in 1970: An analysis of social class and racial differences
Moderate levels of residential segregation of socioeconomic groups are found in urbanized areas of the United States in 1970, and racial residential segregation was much greater than the segregation of social classes within either the black or white communities. Expand
Residential segregation of Asian Americans in 1980.
More than half of the 3.7 million Asians now resident in the US entered the country within the last 5 years. Asian-white segregation is comparable to Hispanic-white segregation and is much lower thanExpand
Explaining the Paradox of Puerto Rican Segregation
Previous research has shown that Puerto Ricans are highly segregated from nonHispanic whites and moderately segregated from blacks, with socioeconomic factors having no effect on these patterns.Expand