Hypernovae and Other Black-Hole-Forming Supernovae

@article{Nomoto2003HypernovaeAO,
  title={Hypernovae and Other Black-Hole-Forming Supernovae},
  author={Ken’ichi Nomoto and Kei-ichi Maeda and P. A. Mazzali and Hideyuki Umeda and J. S. Deng and Koichi Iwamoto},
  journal={Astrophysics and space science library},
  year={2003},
  volume={302},
  pages={277-325}
}
During the last few years, a number of exceptional core-collapse supernovae (SNe) have been discovered. Although their properties are rather diverse, they have the common feature that at least some of their basic parameters (kinetic energy of the explosion, mass of the ejecta, mass of the synthesized 56Ni), and sometimes all of them, are larger, sometimes by more than an order of magnitude, than the values typically found for this type of SNe. Therefore, these SNe have been given the collective… 
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