Hyperinsulinemia and autonomic nervous system dysfunction in obesity: effects of weight loss.


BACKGROUND Because hyperinsulinemia acutely stimulates adrenergic activity, it has been postulated that chronic hyperinsulinemia may lead to enhanced sympathetic tone and cardiovascular risk. METHODS AND RESULTS In 21 obese (body mass index, 35+/-1 kg/m(2)) and 17 lean subjects, we measured resting cardiac output (by 2-dimensional echocardiography… (More)


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