Hypercapnic blood pressure response is greater during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.

@article{Edwards1996HypercapnicBP,
  title={Hypercapnic blood pressure response is greater during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.},
  author={Natalie Edwards and Ian Wilcox and Olli Polo and Colin E Sullivan},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  year={1996},
  volume={81 5},
  pages={
          2142-6
        }
}
We investigated the cardiovascular responses to acute hypercapnia during the menstrual cycle. Eleven female subjects with regular menstrual cycles performed hypercapnic rebreathing tests during the follicular and luteal phases of their menstrual cycles. Ventilatory and cardiovascular variables were recorded breath by breath. Serum progesterone and estradiol were measured on each occasion. Serum progesterone was higher during the luteal [50.4 +/- 9.6 (SE) nmol/l] than during the follicular phase… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Effects of estrogen and progesterone on cerebrovascular responses to euoxic hypercapnia in women

There is an increase in Goff during LP that is explained, at least in part, by increases in serum progesterone and estrogen and a decrease in arterial Pco2.

The influence of the menstrual cycle on upper airway resistance and breathing during sleep.

Within the menstrual cycle, upper airway resistance is lower in the luteal compared with the follicular phase, and this influence may play a significant role in protecting premenopausal women from sleep-disordered breathing.

Menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives influence cerebrovascular dynamics during hypercapnia

In all women, hypercapnia improved high frequency (HF) and very low frequency (VLF) cerebral autoregulation (decreased nGain; p = 0.002 and <0.001, respectively), whereas low Frequency Phase decreased in NOC‐HH and OC‐LH, and endogenous sex hormones reduce LF dCA duringhypercapnia in the HH menstrual phase.

Haemodynamic responses to obstructive sleep apnoeas in premenopausal women.

While respiratory events improved slightly in the luteal phase, blood pressure responses to these events increased by approximately 100%.

A CORRELATIVE STUDY ON BLOOD PRESSURE AND LUNG FUNCTION PROFILES DURING DIFFERENT PHASES OF MENSTRUAL CYCLE AMONG INDIAN POPULATION

It is suggested that arterial blood pressure does not significantly fluctuate during different phases of menstrual cycle whereas different lung function profiles significantly increase during the luteal phase in healthy young Indian women.

Effect of menstrual cycle phase on exercise performance of high-altitude native women at 3600 m.

The menstrual cycle phase has relatively modest effects on ventilation, but no effect on (V(O(2)max)) of HA native women, as tested in this repeated-measures, randomized study.

Physiological Responses to the Menstrual Cycle

This review examines various physiological responses to heat exposure during the menstrual cycle at rest and during exercise, and considers whether such changes increase the risk of heat illness in female athletes during a particular phase of the menstrual period.

Effect of menstrual cycle and gender on ventilatory and heart rate responses at the onset of exercise

It is concluded that ventilatory and HR responses at the onset of voluntary exercise and passive movement are not affected by the menstrual cycle or gender.

Exercise VE and physical performance at altitude are not affected by menstrual cycle phase.

It is concluded that, despite significantly increased progesterone levels in the midluteal phase, exercise VE is not increased atSL or AA, and neither maximal nor submaximal exercise performance is affected by menstrual cycle phase at SL or AA.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES

Changes in blood pressure during the normal menstrual cycle.

Blood pressure was higher at the onset of menstruation than at most other phases of the cycle, and changes in plasma 17 beta-oestradiol and progesterone concentrations were also similar in the two groups.

Basal oxygen consumption during different phases of menstrual cycle.

  • T. DasH. Jana
  • Medicine, Biology
    The Indian journal of medical research
  • 1991
The rise in oxygen consumption was found to be a post-ovulatory phenomenon possibly mediated through hormones, mainly progesterone, and related to the pattern of food intake behaviour during the menstrual cycle.

Progesterone reduces sympathetic tone without changing blood pressure or fluid balance in men.

It is concluded that progesterone may have a direct action by increasing the uptake of noradrenaline from the synaptic cleft or by decreasing the nerve firing rate.

Effects of progesterone on chemosensitivity in normal men.

It is concluded that 60 mg of MPA daily in normal men increases VE and chemosensitivity as measured by the ventilatory response to hypercapnia and hypoxia.

Effects of progesterone on chemosensitivity in normal men.

It is concluded that 60 mg of MPA daily in normal men increases VE and chemosensitivity as measured by the ventilatory response to hypercapnia and hypoxia.

Resting pulmonary ventilation and dead space ventilation during the menstrual cycle.

  • N. Takano
  • Medicine, Biology
    The Japanese journal of physiology
  • 1982
By reanalyzing the previous study of resting ventilation and PACO2 during the menstrual cycle of eight healthy women, it was found that relative to the follicular phase, a 9.4% increase in VA and a 2.5 mmHg decrease in PACO 2 occurring during the luteal phase were attributable mostly to a decrease in VD.

Cardiovascular responses to psychological and physiological stressors during the menstrual cycle.

The females were more reactive in heart rate to the mental stressor when changes from control conditions to stress were calculated, and there was a significant interaction between menstrual cycle phase and smoking.

Sexual influence on the control of breathing.

Women, with relatively higher resting ventilation, have lower responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia and male-female differences in ventilatory responses to chemical stimuli are studied.

Daily measurements of salivary progesterone reveal a high rate of anovulation in healthy students.

Data provide more evidence for applicability of salivary P measurements for diagnosis of corpus luteam function and highlight the difficulty of selecting representative reference populations in studies on female reproductive endocrinology.

Comparison of respiratory and circulatory human responses to progressive hypoxia and hypercapnia.

  • T. Serebrovskaya
  • Medicine
    Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases
  • 1992
The data do not seem to show evidence in favor of an involvement of the hypercapnic challenge in the central regulation of the circulation, and the changes in hemodynamics in the response to hypoxia paralleled those occurring in ventilation.