Hyperbaric Oxygen Preconditioning Attenuates Hemorrhagic Transformation Through Reactive Oxygen Species/Thioredoxin-Interacting Protein/Nod-Like Receptor Protein 3 Pathway in Hyperglycemic Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Rats.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To clarify whether hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning can attenuate hyperglycemia-enhanced hemorrhagic transformation and to establish a role for Nod-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome in the pathophysiology of hemorrhagic transformation. DESIGN Controlled prospective animal study. SETTING University research laboratory. SUBJECTS Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 260-280 g. INTERVENTIONS Rats received 1-hour-long hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning for five consecutive days. Hyperglycemic middle cerebral artery occlusion model was induced at 24 hours after the last hyperbaric oxygen exposure. Reactive oxygen species scavenger (N-acetyl-L-cysteine), thioredoxin-interacting protein small interfering RNA, and Nod-like receptor protein 3 small interfering RNA were given in different groups separately to verify the possible pathway. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Rats were randomly divided into sham, middle cerebral artery occlusion, middle cerebral artery occlusion + dextrose, middle cerebral artery occlusion + dextrose + normobaric oxygen preconditioning, middle cerebral artery occlusion + dextrose + hyperbaric oxygen, middle cerebral artery occlusion + dextrose + hyperbaric oxygen + N-acetyl-L-cysteine, middle cerebral artery occlusion + dextrose + hyperbaric oxygen + control small interfering RNA, middle cerebral artery occlusion + dextrose + hyperbaric oxygen + thioredoxin-interacting protein small interfering RNA, and middle cerebral artery occlusion + dextrose + hyperbaric oxygen + Nod-like receptor protein 3 small interfering RNA groups. Hyperglycemia was induced by administration of 50% dextrose (6 mL/kg) intraperitoneally 30 minutes before middle cerebral artery occlusion. Control small interfering RNA/thioredoxin-interacting protein small interfering RNA or Nod-like receptor protein 3 small interfering RNA (500 pmol/5 μL) were injected intracerebroventricularly 72 hours before middle cerebral artery occlusion for intervention. The neurologic scores, infarction and hemorrhage volumes, the expression of Nod-like receptor protein 3, and its downstream targets were analyzed. Hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning decreased both infarction and hemorrhage volumes and improved neurobehavioral function. In addition, hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning provided additional protective effects in hemorrhagic transformation, which was independent of infarction volume. The benefits of hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning on hyperglycemic middle cerebral artery occlusion rats were reversed after blocking the reactive oxygen species/thioredoxin-interacting protein/Nod-like receptor protein 3 pathway. CONCLUSIONS Nod-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome played an important role in hyperglycemia-enhanced hemorrhagic transformation. Hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning attenuated hemorrhagic transformation through reactive oxygen species/thioredoxin-interacting protein/Nod-like receptor protein 3 pathway.

DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000001468
05010015020162017
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@article{Guo2016HyperbaricOP, title={Hyperbaric Oxygen Preconditioning Attenuates Hemorrhagic Transformation Through Reactive Oxygen Species/Thioredoxin-Interacting Protein/Nod-Like Receptor Protein 3 Pathway in Hyperglycemic Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Rats.}, author={Zhen-Ni Guo and Liang Xu and Qin Hu and Nathanael Matei and Peng Yang and Lu-sha Tong and Yue He and Zongduo Guo and Jiping Tang and Yi Yang and John Zhang}, journal={Critical care medicine}, year={2016}, volume={44 6}, pages={e403-11} }