Hypaxial Motor Patterns and the Function of Epipubic Bones in Primitive Mammals

@article{Reilly2003HypaxialMP,
  title={Hypaxial Motor Patterns and the Function of Epipubic Bones in Primitive Mammals},
  author={Stephen M. Reilly and Thomas D. White},
  journal={Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={299},
  pages={400 - 402}
}
Since the first description of epipubic bones in 1698, their functions and those of the associated abdominal muscles of monotremes and marsupial mammals have remained unresolved. We show that each epipubic bone is part of a kinetic linkage extending from the femur, by way of the pectineus muscle, to the epipubic bone, through the pyramidalis and rectus abdominis muscles on one side of the abdomen, and through the contralateral external and internal oblique muscles to the vertebrae and ribs of… 

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