Hydroxyalkylation of Cyclic Imides with Oxiranes. Part II. The Mechanism of Reaction in Presence of Triethylamine

Abstract

The mechanism of reaction of cyclic monoimides with oxiranes was established based upon kinetic studies and product analysis. It has been established that the reaction proceeds through initial formation of an adduct of imide and triethylamine. The crucial bond in adduct has ionic character; in non-aqueous solvents it is present as ion pair, while in water the adduct dissociate and free ions are present. The adduct enables the proton transfer from imide to oxirane. The rate determining step is reaction of imide and this adduct. Different values of entropy of transition states obtained from thermodynamic calculations suggest slightly different structure of transition state of rate determining step.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Lubczak2013HydroxyalkylationOC, title={Hydroxyalkylation of Cyclic Imides with Oxiranes. Part II. The Mechanism of Reaction in Presence of Triethylamine}, author={Jacek Lubczak}, year={2013} }