Hydromagnetic Waves in a Compressed Dipole Field via Field-Aligned Klein-Gordon Equations

@article{Zheng2014HydromagneticWI,
  title={Hydromagnetic Waves in a Compressed Dipole Field via Field-Aligned Klein-Gordon Equations},
  author={Jinlei Zheng and Qiang Hu and James F. Mckenzie and Gary M. Webb},
  journal={arXiv: Space Physics},
  year={2014}
}
Hydromagnetic waves, especially those of frequencies in the range of a few milli-Hz to a few Hz observed in the Earth's magnetosphere, are categorized as Ultra Low Frequency (ULF) waves or pulsations. They have been extensively studied due to their importance in the interaction with radiation belt particles and in probing the structures of the magnetosphere. We developed an approach in examining the toroidal standing Aflv\'{e}n waves in a background magnetic field by recasting the wave equation… 

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