Hydrolytic and phosphorolytic metabolism of cellobiose by the marine aerobic bacterium Saccharophagus degradans 2-40T

Abstract

Saccharophagus degradans 2-40 is a marine gamma proteobacterium that can produce polyhydroxyalkanoates from lignocellulosic biomass using a complex cellulolytic system. This bacterium has been annotated to express three surface-associated β-glucosidases (Bgl3C, Ced3A, and Ced3B), two cytoplasmic β-glucosidases (Bgl1A and Bgl1B), and unusual for an aerobic bacterium, two cytoplasmic cellobiose/cellodextrin phosphorylases (Cep94A and Cep94B). Expression of the genes for each of the above enzymes was induced when cells were transferred into a medium containing Avicel as the major carbon source except for Bgl1B. Both hydrolytic and phosphorolytic degradation of cellobiose by crude cell lysates obtained from cellulose-grown cells were demonstrated and all of these activities were cell-associated. With the exception of Cep94B, each purified enzyme exhibited their annotated activity upon cloning and expression in E. coli. The five β-glucosidases hydrolyzed a variety of glucose derivatives containing β-1, (2, 4, or 6) linkages but did not act on any α-linked glucose derivatives. All but one β-glucosidases exhibited transglycosylation activity consistent with the formation of an enzyme-substrate intermediate. The biochemistry and expression of these cellobiases indicate that external hydrolysis by surface-associated β-glucosidases coupled with internal hydrolysis and phosphorolysis are all involved in the metabolism of cellobiose by this bacterium.

DOI: 10.1007/s10295-011-0945-4

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Cite this paper

@article{Zhang2011HydrolyticAP, title={Hydrolytic and phosphorolytic metabolism of cellobiose by the marine aerobic bacterium Saccharophagus degradans 2-40T}, author={Haitao Zhang and Young Hwan Moon and Brian J. Watson and Maxim Suvorov and Elizabeth Moreira dos Santos and Corinn A. Sinnott and Steven W. Hutcheson}, journal={Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology}, year={2011}, volume={38}, pages={1117-1125} }