Hydrogen symbioses in evolution and disease.

  title={Hydrogen symbioses in evolution and disease.},
  author={Adrian C. Williams and David Boyer Ramsden},
  journal={QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians},
  volume={100 7},
Hydrogen is the source of energy that unites the metabolisms and fuels the innovative potentials of all living organisms. Autotrophs use hydrogen emitted into hydrothermal vents, where symbiotic communities that share hydrogen thrive. On the surface, life developed using photons to cleave water, releasing hydrogen carried into a reverse Krebs cycle to produce carbohydrates, from which hydrogen and its constituent electron and proton are extracted. Fluctuant electrogenic power is harnessed by… CONTINUE READING


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Molecular basis of symbiosis

  • J. Overmann
  • 2006

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