Hydrogen peroxide on the surface of Europa.

@article{Carlson1999HydrogenPO,
  title={Hydrogen peroxide on the surface of Europa.},
  author={Robert W. Carlson and M. S. Anderson and R. E. Johnson and William Smythe and Amanda R. Hendrix and Charles A. Barth and Laurence A. Soderblom and Gary B. Hansen and Thomas B. McCord and J. Bradley Dalton and Roger N. Clark and James H. Shirley and Adriana C. Ocampo and Dennis Matson},
  journal={Science},
  year={1999},
  volume={283 5410},
  pages={
          2062-4
        }
}
Spatially resolved infrared and ultraviolet wavelength spectra of Europa's leading, anti-jovian quadrant observed from the Galileo spacecraft show absorption features resulting from hydrogen peroxide. Comparisons with laboratory measurements indicate surface hydrogen peroxide concentrations of about 0.13 percent, by number, relative to water ice. The inferred abundance is consistent with radiolytic production of hydrogen peroxide by intense energetic particle bombardment and demonstrates that… Expand
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