Hydrated silicate minerals on Mars observed by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter CRISM instrument

@article{Mustard2008HydratedSM,
  title={Hydrated silicate minerals on Mars observed by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter CRISM instrument},
  author={J. Mustard and S. Murchie and S. Pelkey and B. Ehlmann and R. Milliken and J. A. Grant and J. Bibring and F. Poulet and J. Bishop and E. Dobrea and L. Roach and F. Seelos and R. Arvidson and S. Wiseman and R. Green and C. Hash and D. Humm and E. Malaret and J. A. McGovern and K. Seelos and T. Clancy and R. Clark and D. D. Marais and N. Izenberg and A. Knudson and Y. Langevin and T. Martin and P. McGuire and R. Morris and M. Robinson and T. Roush and M. Smith and G. Swayze and H. Taylor and T. Titus and M. Wolff},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2008},
  volume={454},
  pages={305-309}
}
Phyllosilicates, a class of hydrous mineral first definitively identified on Mars by the OMEGA (Observatoire pour la Mineralogie, L’Eau, les Glaces et l’Activitié) instrument, preserve a record of the interaction of water with rocks on Mars. Global mapping showed that phyllosilicates are widespread but are apparently restricted to ancient terrains and a relatively narrow range of mineralogy (Fe/Mg and Al smectite clays). This was interpreted to indicate that phyllosilicate formation occurred… Expand
Characterization of hydrated silicate-bearing outcrops in Tyrrhena Terra, Mars: Implications to the alteration history of Mars
Abstract The Tyrrhena Terra region of Mars is studied with the imaging spectrometers OMEGA (Observatoire pour la Mineralogie, l’Eau, les Glaces et l’Activite) onboard Mars Express and CRISM (CompactExpand
Identification of hydrated silicate minerals on Mars using MRO‐CRISM: Geologic context near Nili Fossae and implications for aqueous alteration
The Noachian terrain west of the Isidis basin hosts a diverse collection of alteration minerals in rocks comprising varied geomorphic units within a 100,000 km2 region in and near the Nili Fossae.Expand
Evidence for Low-Grade Metamorphism, Hydrothermal Alteration, and Diagenesis on Mars from Phyllosilicate Mineral Assemblages
The enhanced spatial and spectral resolution provided by the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) has led to the discovery of numerousExpand
A synthesis of Martian aqueous mineralogy after 1 Mars year of observations from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
Martian aqueous mineral deposits have been examined and characterized using data acquired during Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter's (MRO) primary science phase, including Compact Reconnaissance ImagingExpand
Hydrous minerals on Mars as seen by the CRISM and OMEGA imaging spectrometers: Updated global view
[1] The surface of Mars has preserved the record of early environments in which its basaltic crust was altered by liquid water. These aqueous environments have survived in the form of hydrologicalExpand
Study of phyllosilicates and carbonates from the Capri Chasma region of Valles Marineris on Mars based on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter-Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (MRO-CRISM) observations
Abstract Spectral reflectance data from the MRO-CRISM (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter-Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars) of Capri Chasma, a large canyon within Valles Marineris onExpand
Glacial paleoenvironments on Mars revealed by the paucity of hydrated silicates in the Noachian crust of the Northern Lowlands
Abstract Hydrated silicates occur widespread in thousands of locations in the Martian Noachian-aged southern highlands. If an ocean existed on the northern lowlands of Mars during the Noachian,Expand
Geology and mineralogy of the Auki Crater, Tyrrhena Terra, Mars: A possible post impact-induced hydrothermal system
Abstract A variety of hydrothermal environments have been documented in terrestrial impact structures. Due to both past water interactions and meteoritic bombardment on the surface of Mars, severalExpand
Geological characteristics of hydrated minerals on Mars from MRO CRISM images
Identification of Martian surface minerals can contribute to understand the Martian environmental change and geological evolution as well as explore the habitability of the Mars. The CompactExpand
The geology and mineralogy of Ritchey crater, Mars: Evidence for post‐Noachian clay formation
Widespread detection of phyllosilicates (clay minerals) in Noachian (>3.5 Ga) terrains on Mars and their paucity in younger terrains have led to the hypothesis that Noachian conditions were moreExpand
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TLDR
It is inferred that the two main families of hydrated alteration products detected—phyllosilicates and sulphates—result from different formation processes, which occurred during two distinct climatic episodes: an early Noachian Mars, resulting in the formation of Hydrated silicates, followed by a more acidic environment, in which sulphates formed. Expand
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Introduction: Near-global mapping by the visible and near-infrared imaging spectrometer on Mars Express has discovered unique deposits of phyllosilicates minerals exposed in numerous scatteredExpand
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Global mineralogical mapping of Mars by the Observatoire pour la Mineralogie, l'Eau, les Glaces et l'Activité (OMEGA) instrument on the European Space Agency's Mars Express spacecraft provides newExpand
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TLDR
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