Hydranencephaly treatments: retrospective case series and review of the literature.

  title={Hydranencephaly treatments: retrospective case series and review of the literature.},
  author={Grace M. Thiong'o and Susan S Ferson and A. Leland Albright},
  journal={Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics},
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to review treatment options for infants with hydranencephaly and to consider the pros and cons of each treatment modality. METHODS This paper is a review of hydranencephaly as well as a retrospective analysis evaluating the outcomes of 52 infants with hydranencephaly who were treated at the Kijabe Hospital, Kijabe, Kenya, in one of four ways: ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) insertion, endoscopic choroid plexus coagulation (CPC), open choroid… 
2 Citations
Choroid Plexectomy for Hydrocephalus Management in a Pediatric Patient with a Pilocytic Astrocytoma
While ventricular shunt placement is the most common course of treatment, choroid plexectomy should be considered as an alternative treatment of hydrocephalus secondary to other neurological disorders, especially when the patient is immunocompromised, to avoid the recurrent infections seen withShunt placement.
Unveiling what is absent within: illustrating anesthetic considerations in a patient with hydranencephaly – a case report
An infant with hydranencephaly is followed over three different procedures requiring anesthesia from 5 months of age to 2 years, highlighting the various anesthetic considerations.


Choroid plexus coagulation in infants with extreme hydrocephalus or hydranencephaly.
CPC stabilizes macrocephaly in approximately 40% of infants with severe congenital hydrocephalus and hydranencephaly and can be considered as an alternative to VP shunt placement.
Obliteration of the choroid plexus after endoscopic coagulation.
Endoscopic CPC with or without endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) can be a safe and effective treatment alternative to shunt placement in infantile hydrocephalus and obliteration of the choroid plexus can persist in the relatively long term following CPC.
Hydranencephaly in Malawian children.
  • A. Adeloye
  • Medicine
    East African medical journal
  • 2000
In hydranencephaly, the brain was found replaced by large fluid-filled cavity in contrast to hydrocephalus where brain was present and ventricular dilatation was encountered, and ventriculo-peritoneal shunting benefited children with Hydrocephalus but not those with hydranENCEphaly.
Endoscopic Choroid Plexus Coagulation in Infants with Hydranencephaly or Hydrocephalus with a Minimal Cortical Mantle
Endoscopic choroid plexus coagulation can enable some infants with hydranencephaly or massive hydrocephalus to avoid a ventriculoperitoneal shunt.
Endoscopic Choroid Plexus Cauterization Versus Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt for Hydranencephaly and Near Hydranencephaly: A Prospective Study
ECPC is a single, definitive, safe, effective, and economical treatment that may avoid the complications of shunting and is an acceptable alternative to VPS for treatment of hydranencephaly and near hydranENCEphaly.
Sources of delayed provision of neurosurgical care in a rural kenyan setting
Improve in PCP knowledge base, implementation of a triage and referral process, and development of community-based funding strategies can potentially reduce these delays in procuring pediatric neurosurgical care.
Hydranencephaly: cerebral spinal fluid instead of cerebral mantles
A wide and updated revision of hydranencephaly is reported, including a literature review, and the case of a patient affected by this condition, still alive at 36 months is presented.
Case 7: Hydranencephaly
A 22-year-old pregnant woman, gravida 4 para 3 (with three normal children) presented at 34 gestational weeks for her first prenatal care visit. Ultrasonographic (US) images showed an enlarged head
Endoscopic Coagulation of Choroid Plexus in Hydranencephaly
This rare case of hydranencephaly with an absence of cerebral hemispheres with an intact thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum is presented and good treatment outcome from endoscopic coagulation of the choroid plexus is presented.
Percutaneous choroid plexus coagulation in hydranencephaly.
Percutaneous intracranial endoscopy, performed on 3 infants with hydranencephaly and signs of intracranial hypertension, showed normal choroid plexus and choroid arteries in 2 patients.