Hybrid assistive system-the motor neuroprosthesis

@article{Popovi1989HybridAS,
  title={Hybrid assistive system-the motor neuroprosthesis},
  author={D. Popovi{\'c} and R. Tomovic and L. Schwirtlich},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering},
  year={1989},
  volume={36},
  pages={729-737}
}
Two approaches are currently applied for motor rehabilitation of paralyzed humans: functional electrical stimulation (FES) and mechanical bracing. Both assistive systems have limited application due to several factors. The combination of FES and an externally powered and controlled brace is called a hybrid assistive system (HAS). The HAS presented here is a combination of multichannel surface FES and self-fitting modular orthosis. Energy expenditure and a reduction of force load on the upper… Expand
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