Hybrid, ambiguous, and non-linear? How new is Russia’s ‘new way of war’?

  title={Hybrid, ambiguous, and non-linear? How new is Russia’s ‘new way of war’?},
  author={Mark Galeotti},
  journal={Small Wars \& Insurgencies},
  pages={282 - 301}
  • M. Galeotti
  • Published 3 March 2016
  • Political Science
  • Small Wars & Insurgencies
Abstract Russia’s recent operations in Ukraine, especially the integrated use of militias, gangsters, information operations, intelligence, and special forces, have created a concern in the West about a ‘new way of war’, sometimes described as ‘hybrid’. However, not only are many of the tactics used familiar from Western operations, they also have their roots in Soviet and pre-Soviet Russian practice. They are distinctive in terms of the degree to which they are willing to give primacy to ‘non… 
(Mis)Understanding Russia’s Two ‘Hybrid Wars’
A spectre is haunting Europe, the spectre of ‘hybrid war’. Whether we call it that or one of the other terms sometimes used, from ‘non-linear war’, [1] simply to ‘a new Cold War’ [2] there can be
The Russian hybrid warfare: the cases of Ukraine and Georgia
ABSTRACT The term “Hybrid Warfare” has been defined and redefined in multiple diverse manners in the past two decades. Conventionally the concept of Hybrid Wars referred to a combination of regular
Russia and ‘hybrid warfare’
ABSTRACT In the aftermath of the Crimea annexation in March 2014, the idea of ‘hybrid warfare’ quickly gained prominence as a concept that could help to explain the success of Russian military
Renz, Bettina (2016) Russia and "hybrid warfare". Contemporary Politics . ISSN 1356-9775
  • Political Science
  • 2017
In the aftermath of the Crimea annexation in March 2014, the idea of ‘hybrid warfare’ quickly gained prominence as a concept that could help to explain the success of Russian military operations in
Does War Ever Change? A Clausewitzian Critique of Hybrid Warfare
Hybrid Warfare is a concept that first emerged at the beginning of the century and has grown to particular prominence following Russia’s annexation of the Crimean Peninsula in 2014.[1] To provide a
The Ideological Dimension of US-Russia Relations
  • N. Smith
  • Political Science
    A New Cold War?
  • 2019
This chapter begins with an examination of how changing technology—namely the development of nuclear weapons—impacted the early Cold War period. It is argued that the nuclear weapons arms race that
Securing Eastern Ukraine-Fighting Russia’s “Hybrid” Warfare
e Russian annexation of Crimea and its semi-covert involvement in the civil war in eastern Ukraine evince a new Russian willingness to to intervene militarily in its European neighbors and raise
‘Understanding’ for Russia in Germany: international triangle meets domestic politics
  • S. Wood
  • Political Science
    Cambridge Review of International Affairs
  • 2020
Abstract ‘Understanding’ for Vladimir Putin’s Russia is present across Germany’s political spectrum, in business sectors, and within society/the electorate at large. It was boosted by the outcome of
Defining Contemporary Russian Warfare
In this article, Robert Seely offers a comprehensive assessment of what has become known as Russian ‘hybrid’ warfare. First, he asks whether ‘hybrid’ is the most appropriate term to use when studying
Evolving Dynamics of Societal Security and the Potential for Conflict in Eastern Ukraine
Abstract In this essay we argue that changes in political structures in post-Soviet Ukraine have affected the potential for conflict during transition. Relying on organisational theory to determine


The “new political novel” by right-wing writers in post-Soviet Russia
Most Western commentators claim that literature and politics have moved irrevocably apart into two separate spheres in the post-Soviet period. However, I have argued in my recent book (Marsh 2007)
Russian Full-Spectrum Conflict: An Appraisal After Ukraine
This article argues that the current ways of conceptualizing and understanding Russian warfare are flawed. To improve this, this article reviews the current ways of approaching Russian warfare from
Russia’s Breakout From the Post–Cold War System: The Drivers of Putin’s Course
The abrupt end of the quarter-of-a-century-long era of cooperation and partnership between Russia and the West, and the return of confrontation and hostility between them, did not come out of the
Putin's empire of the mind
The article discusses Russian imperialism and exceptionalism, with a particular focus on the policies and beliefs of Russian president Vladimir Putin. It is suggested Putin has shifted from a
‘Kadyrovtsy’: Russia’s Counterinsurgency Strategy and the Wars of Paramilitary Clans
Abstract This article analyses the steps taken by the Russian government, with the aid of a powerful local clan, the so-called Kadyrovtsy, to subdue the Chechen insurgency. It highlights the strategy
Why the Ukraine Crisis Is the West’s Fault
The author argues that responsibility for the Russian intervention in Ukraine in 2014, including its annexation of Crimea, lies with the U.S. and the European Union (EU) member state allies. He
The ‘counter‐terrorist operation’ in Chechnya: ‘Information warfare’ aspects
This article focuses on the information warfare aspects of the Second Russo‐Chechen campaign (1999–). It demonstrates Russia's enhanced information warfare fighting capability and effectiveness.
Battle of Debal’tseve: the Conventional Line of Effort in Russia’s Hybrid War in Ukraine
  • History
  • 2017
by MAJ Amos C. Fox While some in the military say that Russia provides no direct threat to the United States, our political and military alliances necessitate an understanding and appreciation for
Managing Withdrawal: Afghanistan as the Forgotten Example in Attempting Conflict Resolution and State Reconstruction
Perhaps surprisingly, given the availability of new Russian memoir material, some excellent individual monographs, and a large variety of declassified documents, a full operational–political account
Russia's Failed Transformation: The Power of the KGB/FSB from Gorbachev to Putin
At the beginning of the Gorbachev era the KGB’s penetration of state and society in the Soviet Union was profoundly and extensively due to the history of the Soviet Communist dictatorship. From the