Huygens’ Traité de la lumière and Newton’s opticks: pursuing and eschewing hypotheses

@article{Shapiro1989HuygensTD,
  title={Huygens’ Trait{\'e} de la lumi{\`e}re and Newton’s opticks: pursuing and eschewing hypotheses},
  author={A. Eugene Shapiro},
  journal={Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London},
  year={1989},
  volume={43},
  pages={223 - 247}
}
  • A. Shapiro
  • Published 1 July 1989
  • Education
  • Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London
Writing in December 1688 to his brother Constantyn, who had only recently arrived in England with the court of William III, Christiaan Huygens expressed a wish to be in England, ‘ only to make the acquaintance of Mr. Newton whom I exceedingly admire for the beautiful inventions that I found in the work [the Principia] that he sent m e’ (1). Less than six months later, on 12 June 1689,.the two met in London for the first time at a meeting of the Royal Society which has by now passed into legend… 

Figures from this paper

Newton’s Program of Mathematizing Nature
When Newton started his lectures on optics in 1669 as the follower of Isaac Barrow on the Lucasian chair at Cambridge he intended to develop the theory of colors as a mathematical theory of physical
Practical optics and polemical purposes in seventeenth-century England
What follows is a study of the prevalence and value of practical work in seventeenth-century English optics. I argue, firstly, that practical work – involving instruments and experiments – was a
Post-Galilean Epistemology. Experimental Physico-Mathematica
After Galileo’s death in the mid-sevententh century, mixed mathematics accelerated its race to conquer all the areas of natural philosophy, with the emergence of what was called physico-mathematica.
Early Modern Mathematical Principles and Symmetry Arguments
Mathematics is the home ground of principles. Since Euclid, mathematics has been the model of a body of knowledge organized as a deductive structure based on self-evident axioms. The prestige of that
The Certainty, Modality, and Grounding of Newton’s Laws.
Newton began his Principia with three Axiomata sive Leges Motus. We offer an interpretation of Newton’s dual label and investigate two tensions inherent in his account of laws. The first arises from
An information theory interpretation of relativistic phenomena
TLDR
Analysis of the evolution of optical and electromagnetic theorizing is suggested to demonstrate that the choice of a mechanically compatible model of electromagnetic radiation, as has conventionally underwritten development of the light-speed postulate of special relativity, is inappropriate.
New Forms of Natural Philosophy and Mixed Mathematics
Between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries natural philosophy underwent great changes. Formal and final causes were replaced by efficient causes and the world became a huge machine. Greek
Newton’s General Scholium and the Mechanical Philosophy
This article pursues two objectives through a close reading of Newton’s 1713 General Scholium. First, it examines his relationship to the canonical mechanical philosophy, including his response to
Newton on Islandworld: Ontic-Driven Explanations of Scientific Method
Philosophers and scientists often cite ontic factors when explaining the methods and success of scientific inquiry. That is, the adoption of a method or approach (and its subsequent success or
...
1
2
...