publications, the opportunity arose to establish Zentralblatter and Handbucher for the various growing medical specialisms; by 1914, 75 per cent of the firm's output was in engineering and medicine and a largish group of German scientists found additional employment as advisers on monthly retainers. Sarkowski provides a gripping account of the dangerous thirties when the firm's Jewish genealogy and its high profile of Jewish authors and editors made it vulnerable to the discriminatory Ayran employment regulations. "Scientists cannot do without the industriousness of a publisher," said Rudolph Virchow, whose Archivfir pathologische Anatomie was taken over by Springer in 1920. That industriousness is revealed in detail in the second volume written by Heinz Gctze, a former pathologist and member of the firm's management since 1949 who writes from personal experience rather than as an historian. Available in German since 1992 (volume 2, 1994), the fine English translations by Gerald Graham and Mary Schiifer demonstrate Springer's commitment to English as the lingua franca of science and medicine. At the same time, authors and publishers have produced a useful and absorbing account of the growth of European and intemational science publishing. The first volume, in particular, will form a valuable source of information and interpretation conceming the growth and significance of science publishing up to 1945.