Hurricane Katrina's Carbon Footprint on U.S. Gulf Coast Forests

  title={Hurricane Katrina's Carbon Footprint on U.S. Gulf Coast Forests},
  author={Jeffrey Q. Chambers and Jeremy I. Fisher and Hongcheng Zeng and Elise L. Chapman and David B Baker and George C. Hurtt},
  pages={1107 - 1107}
Hurricane Katrina's impact on U.S. Gulf Coast forests was quantified by linking ecological field studies, Landsat and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image analyses, and empirically based models. Within areas affected by relatively constant wind speed, tree mortality and damage exhibited strong species-controlled gradients. Spatially explicit forest disturbance maps coupled with extrapolation models predicted mortality and severe structural damage to ~320 million large… Expand
Assessing hurricane‐induced tree mortality in U.S. Gulf Coast forest ecosystems
[1] Tropical cyclones disturb forest ecosystems and have the potential to alter forest structure and species composition as well as ecosystem functions including rates of nutrient cycling and biomassExpand
Hurricane driven changes in land cover create biogeophysical climate feedbacks
[1] Hurricanes can devastate thousands of hectares of forested area producing changes beyond simply vegetation damage and biomass loss. This study reports changes in regional climate associated withExpand
Hurricane Katrina impacts on forest trees of Louisiana's Pearl River basin
Abstract Hurricane disturbance has the potential to markedly affect coastal forest structure and ecosystem processes. This study focused on the impacts of Hurricane Katrina in Louisiana's Pearl RiverExpand
Hurricane Katrina impacts on Mississippi forests
Hurricane Katrina triggered public interest and concern for forests in Mississippi that required rapid responses from the scientific community. A uniform systematic sample of 3,590 ground plots wereExpand
Global assessment of damage to coastal ecosystem vegetation from tropical storms
This study reports on the first comprehensive global assessment of tropical storm (TS) impacts on coastal ecosystem vegetation along the landfall pathways of major hurricanes, cyclones and typhoonsExpand
Impacts of tropical cyclones on U.S. forest tree mortality and carbon flux from 1851 to 2000
Evaluated forest and carbon cycle impacts for historical tropical cyclones from 1851 to 2000 over the continental U.S. serve as an important baseline for evaluating how potential future changes in hurricane frequency and intensity will impact forest tree mortality and carbon balance. Expand
Assessment of Impacts of Hurricane Katrina on Net Primary Productivity in Mississippi
Abstract Southern forests contribute significantly to the carbon sink for the atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) associated with the anthropogenic activities in the United States. Natural disastersExpand
Impacts of an extreme cyclone event on landscape-scale savanna fire, productivity and greenhouse gas emissions
North Australian tropical savanna accounts for 12% of the world’s total savanna land cover. Accordingly, understanding processes that govern carbon, water and energy exchange within this biome isExpand
The Carbon Cycle and Hurricanes in the United States between 1900 and 2011
Estimates show an average of 18.2 TgC/yr of live biomass mortality for 1900–2011 in the US with strong spatial and inter-annual variability, and Hurricane Camille in 1969 caused the highest aboveground biomass mortality. Expand
Title Radiative forcing of natural forest disturbances Permalink
Forest disturbances are major sources of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, and therefore impact global climate. Biogeophysical attributes, such as surface albedo (reflectivity), further control theExpand


Hurricane impacts on US forest carbon sequestration.
  • S. Mcnulty
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Environmental pollution
  • 2002
Hurricanes are a significant factor in reducing short-term carbon storage in US forests because of their impact on biomass destruction and the recovery time needed to recover leaf area. Expand
Regional ecosystem structure and function: ecological insights from remote sensing of tropical forests.
Issues that are addressed here include forest response to altered precipitation regimes, regional disturbance and land-use patterns, invasive species and landscape carbon balance. Expand
Projecting the future of the U.S. carbon sink
  • G. Hurtt, S. Pacala, +4 authors B. Moore
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2002
These projections indicate that the ecosystem recovery processes that are primarily responsible for the contemporary U.S. carbon sink will slow over the next century, resulting in a significant reduction of the sink. Expand
Response of tree biomass and wood litter to disturbance in a Central Amazon forest
Combined results demonstrated that predictions of changes in forest carbon balance during the twenty-first century are highly dependent on assumptions of tree response to various perturbations, and underscores the importance of a close coupling of model and field investigations. Expand
Consistent Land- and Atmosphere-Based U.S. Carbon Sink Estimates
Land- and atmosphere-based estimates of the carbon sink in the coterminous United States for 1980–89 are consistent, within the large ranges of uncertainty for both methods, indicating a relatively stable U.S. sink throughout the period. Expand
Regional changes in carbon dioxide fluxes of land and oceans since 1980.
We have applied an inverse model to 20 years of atmospheric carbon dioxide measurements to infer yearly changes in the regional carbon balance of oceans and continents. The model indicates thatExpand
Cross-scalar satellite phenology from ground, Landsat, and MODIS data
Phenological records constructed from global mapping satellite platforms (e.g. AVHRR and MODIS) hold the potential to be valuable tools for monitoring vegetation response to global climate change.Expand
Climate change
The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group showed that from 1850 to 2005, the average global temperature increased by about 0.76 degreesExpand
NASA's Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) project (CD-34), and the Long-Term Estuary Assessment Group (LEAG)