Hurdling Over Sex? Sport, Science, and Equity

  title={Hurdling Over Sex? Sport, Science, and Equity},
  author={Nathan Q. Ha and Shari L Dworkin and Mar{\'i}a Jos{\'e} Mart{\'i}nez-Pati{\~n}o and Alan D. Rogol and Vernon A. Rosario and Francisco J. S{\'a}nchez and Alison M. Wrynn and Eric Vilain},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
Between 1968 and 1999, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) required all female athletes to undergo genetic testing as part of its sex verification policy, under the assumption that it needed to prevent men from impersonating women and competing in female-only events. After critics convinced officials that genetic testing was scientifically and ethically flawed for this purpose, the IOC replaced the policy in 1999 with a system allowing for medical evaluations of an athlete’s sex only in… 

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Sex Contextualism

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  • 2022
This paper develops the conceptual framework of “sex contextualism” for the study of sex-related variables in biomedical research. Sex contextualism offers an alternative to binary sex essentialist



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Essay: Suspect sex