Hungry like the wolf: A word‐pattern analysis of the language of psychopaths

  title={Hungry like the wolf: A word‐pattern analysis of the language of psychopaths},
  author={Jeffrey T. Hancock and Michael Woodworth and Stephen B. Porter},
  journal={Legal and Criminological Psychology},
Purpose. This study used statistical text analysis to examine the features of crime narratives provided by psychopathic homicide offenders. Psychopathic speech was predictedtoreflectaninstrumental/predatoryworldview,uniquesocioemotionalneeds, and a poverty of affect. Methods. Two text analysis tools were used to examine the crime narratives of 14 psychopathicand38non-psychopathichomicideoffenders.Psychopathywasdetermined using the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). The Wmatrix linguistic… Expand

Tables from this paper

Paper Mentions

The Linguistic Output of Psychopathic Offenders During a PCL-R Interview
We used text analysis software to examine the linguistic features of the speech of 21 psychopathic and 45 other offenders during the interview part of a Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R)Expand
Computational Analysis of Personality and Emotion in Semi-Structured Interviews
Psychopathy is a personality disorder involving deficits in affective characteristics and behaviour (Cleckley, 1988; Hare, 2003). Previous studies have found relationships between psychopathy andExpand
Psychopaths Online: The Linguistic Traces of Psychopathy in Email, Text Messaging and Facebook
Individuals high in psychopathy are interpersonally manipulative, exhibit callous affect, and have criminal tendencies. The present study examines whether these attributes of psychopathy areExpand
Comparing psychopathy subtypes in terms of instrumental and reactive violence
Research has suggested that primary psychopaths may be more instrumentally violent, and secondary psychopaths more reactively violent. The aim of the thesis was to conduct a systematic literatureExpand
The brain of psychopaths may differ from normal individuals in terms of their cerebral organization of language. Psychopaths have a different way of communicating their ideas within their minds.Expand
The language of psychopaths: a systematic review
Psychopathy is a personality disorder associated with the manipulation of others and with impulsive, irresponsible, and antisocial behavior. This systematic review of literature focuses on theExpand
Emotional content analysis among psychopathic individuals during emotional induction by IAPS pictures
Background: The emotional processes within people with psychopathy have been thoroughly investigated. Although content analysis is an interesting area for evaluating emotional characteristics, fewExpand
An Examination of the Communication Styles Associated with Psychopathy and Their Influence on Observer Impressions
Psychopathic individuals are characterized as “intra-species predators”—callous, impulsive, aggressive, and proficient at interpersonal manipulation. For example, despite their high risk forExpand
The Language Dimension of Psychopathy: From Signal Analysis to Social Perception
Psychopaths have long been associated with a unique ability to manipulate others (Hare, 1999). To shed more light on language production in psychopathy two studies of language production wereExpand
Analisando a mentira no discurso de um psicopata: uma abordagem quantitativa
Psychopathy involves a series of specifi c cognitive, social and emotionalfeatures which make the psychopath different from the general population;the two most signifi cant characteristics areExpand


Cohesion in texts produced by psychopathic and nonpsychopathic criminal inmates
Although there has been much speculation about psychopaths’ distinctive use of speech, to date there have been no published data documenting that psychopaths communicate any diAerently than others.Expand
The language of the psychopath: characteristics of prisoners' performance in a sentence completion test.
  • Johann Endres
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Criminal behaviour and mental health : CBMH
  • 2004
In the context of recent research, verbal patterns are seen, together with interpersonal behaviour patterns and linguistic properties, as valid indicators of psychopathy and might be particularly useful when biographical information is lacking. Expand
Abnormal processing of affective words by psychopaths.
It is suggested that psychopaths extract less information from affective words than do other individuals. Expand
Rorschach oral dependency in psychopaths, sexual homicide perpetrators, and nonviolent pedophiles.
NVPs were found to have significantly higher levels of oral dependency scores than NSOPs or SHPs, and there was a high degree of association between oral dependency and aggression in the SHP and NSOP groups. Expand
Getting to the heart of psychopathy and moral responsibility
Psychopaths. Who are they? What are they? How do they differ from the rest of us "normals?" And, why do they differ from the rest of us "normals?" For most of us, the word "psychopath" conjures upExpand
“I’m Sorry I did it … but He Started it”: A Comparison of The Official and Self-Reported Homicide Descriptions of Psychopaths and Non-Psychopaths
Although psychopaths and non-psychopaths both tended to exaggerate the reactivity of their homicides, psychopaths did so to a greater degree than their counterparts and were more likely to omit major details of their offenses. Expand
Cohesion and coherence in the speech of psychopathic criminals
This study was designed to examine the hypothesis that the speech of criminal psychopaths i s poorly integrated. Measures of cohesion ( l e x i c a l , r e f e r e n t i a l , conjunctive) andExpand
Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R)
Developed to assess symptoms of psychopathy, the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) is a diagnostic tool which allows people to rate their psychopathic or antisocial habits. The PCL-R is usedExpand
Remembering details of emotional events: A comparison between psychopathic and nonpsychopathic offenders
Abstract Recent research indicates that recall of the central details of a negative emotional event is better than is recall for peripheral details. We predicted that psychopaths—because of theirExpand
Deficient response modulation and emotion processing in low-anxious Caucasian psychopathic offenders: results from a lexical decision task.
It is proposed that deficient response modulation may underlie both the emotional and cognitive deficits associated with low-anxious psychopaths. Expand