Humming Along

  title={Humming Along},
  author={Kyle Arnold},
  journal={Contemporary Psychoanalysis},
  pages={100 - 117}
  • Kyle Arnold
  • Published 1 January 2012
  • Psychology
  • Contemporary Psychoanalysis
Abstract Ferrara (1994) estimates that 19–35% of the utterances by psychotherapists in session are variations of mm-hmm. However, there has been little discussion of this phenomenon in the literature. According to linguistics theory, mmhmm constitutes a backchannel response to a speaker that affirms his or her right to continue to hold the floor. In psychotherapy, mm-hmm reaffirms the patient's right to an extended conversational turn and the therapist's role as listener. Because mm-hmm is… 

From switch‐words to stitch‐words

  • B. Litowitz
  • Psychology
    The International journal of psycho-analysis
  • 2014
Stitch‐words expand on Freud's concept by taking into account syntactic aspects of language that function to hold together layers of unconscious fantasies.

Achieving presence in film and psychotherapy.

  • D. Johnson
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical psychology
  • 2020
A good film and a good psychotherapy session are able to overcome the barriers to presence and bring us together in a colocated state of consciousness.

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