Humanitarians or Warriors?: Race, Gender, and Combat Status in Operation Restore Hope

  title={Humanitarians or Warriors?: Race, Gender, and Combat Status in Operation Restore Hope},
  author={Laura L. Miller and Charles C. Moskos},
  journal={Armed Forces \& Society},
  pages={615 - 637}
Operation Restore Hope was a confusing mission for American soldiers. Trained aswarriors, they were thrust into a humanitarian mission. Expecting to distribute food tograteful Somalis, they were attacked instead by the locals and were limited to security and guard duty. Soldiers' attitudes evolved through three stages: high expectations, disillusionment, and reconsideration. In the last stage, soldiers adopted one of two frameworks to cope with the ambiguity of the mission: warrior versus… 

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