Humanitarian Aid, War, Exodus, and Reconstruction of Identities: A Case Study of Somali “Minority Refugees” in Kenya

@article{deMontclos2008HumanitarianAW,
  title={Humanitarian Aid, War, Exodus, and Reconstruction of Identities: A Case Study of Somali “Minority Refugees” in Kenya},
  author={Marc-Antoine P{\'e}rouse de Montclos},
  journal={Nationalism and Ethnic Politics},
  year={2008},
  volume={14},
  pages={289 - 321}
}
This article argues that both war and humanitarian aid contribute to ethnic construction. Based on the case study of Somali “minority refugees” in Kenya, it shows that armed conflicts, massacres, and forced migrations are not the only factors to produce very specific forms of collective identification. In collecting refugees in camps and selecting the most vulnerable groups, international aid also plays an important part in the fabrication of “communities of suffering.” In Kenya, it fostered… 

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