Human status criteria: Sex differences and similarities across 14 nations.

  title={Human status criteria: Sex differences and similarities across 14 nations.},
  author={David M. Buss and Patrick K. Durkee and Todd K. Shackelford and Brian F. Bowdle and David P Schmitt and Gary L. Brase and Jae Chun Choe and Irina Trofimova},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
Social status is a central and universal feature of our highly social species. Reproductively relevant resources, including food, territory, mating opportunities, powerful coalitional alliances, and group-provided health care, flow to those high in status and trickle only slowly to those low in status. Despite its importance and centrality to human social group living, the scientific understanding of status contains a large gap in knowledge-the precise criteria by which individuals are accorded… 

Third-Party Perceptions of Male and Female Status: Male Physical Strength and Female Physical Attractiveness Cue High Status

Status is a universal feature of human sociality. A lesser-studied adaptive problem surrounding status is assessing who has which levels of status in a given group (e.g., identifying which people

Two Routes to Status, One Route to Health: Trait Dominance and Prestige Differentially Associate with Self-reported Stress and Health in Two US University Populations

  • E. Knight
  • Psychology
    Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
  • 2022
Social status has been extensively linked to stress and health outcomes. However, two routes by which status can be earned – dominance and prestige – may not uniformly relate to lower stress and

Our Grandmothers’ Legacy: Challenges Faced by Female Ancestors Leave Traces in Modern Women’s Same-Sex Relationships

The historical challenges faced by female ancestors are leveraged to understand modern women’s same-sex relationships and make sense of the seemingly paradoxical pattern of female aversion to competition, relational aggression, and valuation of loyal friends, offering insight into possible opportunities for intervention.

The roots of ecological dominance orientation: Assessing individual preferences for an anthropocentric and hierarchically organized world

Ecological dominance is a central concept in the study of interspecies and species- environment relations. Yet, although theoretical and empirical work on ecological dominance has progressed in many

The content and structure of reputation domains across human societies: a view from the evolutionary social sciences

The need for future research on the evolution of cooperation and human sociality to consider a wider range of reputation domains, as well as their social, ecological and gender-specific variability is highlighted.

Proximate and Ultimate Perspectives on Romantic Love

It is shown that romantic love probably evolved in concert with pair-bonds in the authors' recent ancestors and is a suite of adaptions and by-products that is caused by social, psychological mate choice, genetic, neural, and endocrine mechanisms.

“We Do Exist”: The Experiences of Women Living with a Sexual Interest in Minors

How the experiences of female MAPs both converge with and diverge from their male counterparts in important ways is highlighted, which has implications for more effective service provision for women who are sexually attracted to children.

It Takes Two to Tango: Development, Validation, and Personality Correlates of the Acceptance of Sugar Relationships in Older Men and Women Scale (ASR-OMWS)

The results showed that the Acceptance of Sugar Relationships in Older Men and Women Scale (ASR-OMWS) proved to be a reliable and conceptually valid measure of older individuals’ attitude toward sugar relationships.



"Human status criteria: Sex differences and similarities across 14 nations": Correction to Buss et al. (2020).

Investigating status criteria across 14 countries provides the first systematic documentation of potentially universal and sex-differentiated status criteria and outlines important next steps in understanding the psychology of status.

Men’s status and reproductive success in 33 nonindustrial societies: Effects of subsistence, marriage system, and reproductive strategy

The results suggest that traits that facilitate status acquisition were not subject to substantially greater selection with domestication of plants and animals, and are part of reproductive strategies that enhance fertility more than offspring well-being.

What’s in a Name? Status, Power, and Other Forms of Social Hierarchy

Despite a long history in social sciences such as anthropology and sociology, status has not received its deserved status in psychology and related domains such as management. This chapter attempts

The role of physical formidability in human social status allocation.

It is argued that adaptations for formidability-based status allocation may have facilitated the evolution of group cooperation in humans and other primates.

The Pursuit of Status in Social Groups

Status differences are ubiquitous and highly consequential. Yet with regard to human social groups, basic questions persist about how status differences develop. In particular, little is known about

Hunting, social status and biological fitness

Despite the impression that most of the benefits that accrue to good hunters are in the form of extra‐marital mating opportunities, it is argued instead that most benefits may be gained within rather than outside marital unions.

Sex Differences in Mate Preferences Across 45 Countries: A Large-Scale Replication

Using a new 45-country sample (N = 14,399), this work attempted to replicate classic studies and test both the evolutionary and biosocial role perspectives, finding neither pathogen prevalence nor gender equality robustly predicted sex differences or preferences across countries.

Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures

  • D. Buss
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1989
Abstract Contemporary mate preferences can provide important clues to human reproductive history. Little is known about which characteristics people value in potential mates. Five predictions were

Is the desire for status a fundamental human motive? A review of the empirical literature.

The relevant evidence suggests that the desire for status is indeed fundamental, and the importance of status was observed across individuals who differed in culture, gender, age, and personality, supporting the universality of the status motive.

Broadening horizons: Sample diversity and socioecological theory are essential to the future of psychological science

  • M. Gurven
  • Psychology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2018
Two examples demonstrating how socioecological variability can help explain psychological trait expression are highlighted, illustrating how appropriate theory can be a powerful tool to help determine choices of diverse study populations and improve the social sciences.