Human risk assessment of heavy metals: principles and applications.

  title={Human risk assessment of heavy metals: principles and applications.},
  author={Jean-Lou C. M. Dorne and George E. N. Kass and Luisa Ramos Bordajandi and Billy Amzal and Ulla Sonne Bertelsen and Anna Federica Castoldi and Claudia Heppner and Mari Eskola and Stefan Fabiansson and Pietro Ferrari and Elena Scaravelli and Eugenia Dogliotti and Peter Fuerst and Alan R. Boobis and Philippe Verger},
  journal={Metal ions in life sciences},
Humans are exposed to a number of "heavy metals" such as cadmium, mercury and its organic form methylmercury, uranium, lead, and other metals as wel as metalloids, such as arsenic, in the environment, workplace, food, and water supply. Exposure to these metals may result in adverse health effects, and national and international health agencies have methodologies to set health-based guidance values with the aim to protect the human population. This chapter introduces the general principles of… 

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