Human psychobiology of MDMA or 'Ecstasy': an overview of 25 years of empirical research.

@article{Parrott2013HumanPO,
  title={Human psychobiology of MDMA or 'Ecstasy': an overview of 25 years of empirical research.},
  author={A. Parrott},
  journal={Human psychopharmacology},
  year={2013},
  volume={28 4},
  pages={
          289-307
        }
}
AIMS This paper aimed to review how scientific knowledge about the human psychobiology of MDMA has developed over time. METHODS In this paper, the empirical findings from earlier and later studies will be reviewed. RESULTS When MDMA was a 'novel psychoactive substance', it was not seen as a drug of abuse, as it displayed loss of efficacy. However, recreational users display a unique pattern of increasing doses, deteriorating cost-benefit ratios, and voluntary cessation. MDMA increases body… CONTINUE READING
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