Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago

  title={Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago},
  author={Pavel Yu. Pavlov and John Inge Svendsen and Svein Indrelid},
The transition from the Middle to the Upper Palaeolithic, approximately 40,000–35,000 radiocarbon years ago, marks a turning point in the history of human evolution in Europe. Many changes in the archaeological and fossil record at this time have been associated with the appearance of anatomically modern humans. Before this transition, the Neanderthals roamed the continent, but their remains have not been found in the northernmost part of Eurasia. It is generally believed that this vast region… 

Early human presence in the Arctic: Evidence from 45,000-year-old mammoth remains

Injuries to a mammoth carcass indicate that humans penetrated Siberia as far as 72°N 45,000 years ago, which indicates that humans may have spread widely across northern Siberia at least 10 millennia earlier than previously thought.

Animals and humans in the European Russian Arctic towards the end of the last Ice Age and during the mid‐Holocene time

Here, we present and discuss results from geo‐archaeological and palaeo‐zoological investigations at the Palaeolithic site Pymva Shor, in the Russian Arctic. As many as 3324 vertebrate fauna remains

Late Mousterian Persistence near the Arctic Circle

It is shown that at Byzovaya, in the western foothills of the Polar Urals, the technological structure of the lithic assemblage makes it directly comparable with Mousterian Middle Palaeolithic industries that so far have been exclusively attributed to the Neandertal populations in Europe.

Siberia at the Last Glacial Maximum: Environment and Archaeology

  • Y. Kuzmin
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2008
This article focuses on the presence of humans in Siberia and the Russian Far East at the coldest time of the Late Pleistocene, called the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and dated to c. 20,000–18,000

The spread of modern humans in Europe

  • J. Hoffecker
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2009
After the Campanian Ignimbrite volcanic eruption and the beginning of HE4, artifact assemblages assigned to the classic Aurignacian, an industry associated with modern human skeletal remains that seems to have developed in Europe, spread throughout the continent.

The Domestication of Humans

The rapid gracilization of all humans of the Final Pleistocene is attributed here to suspension of natural evolutionary developments by culturally mediated breeding patterns favouring skeletal gracility.

Siberia and neighboring regions in the Last Glacial Maximum: did people occupy northern Eurasia at that time?

An updated analysis of Paleolithic sites in Siberia and the Urals 14C-dated to the coldest phase of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), with its timespan currently determined as ca. 23,000–19,000 BP (ca.



Palaeolithic landscapes of Europe and environs, 150,000-25,000 years ago: An overview

Molecular analysis of Neanderthal DNA from the northern Caucasus

Phylogenetic analysis places the two Neanderthals from the Caucasus and western Germany together in a clade that is distinct from modern humans, suggesting that their mtDNA types have not contributed to the modern human mtDNA pool.

Direct radiocarbon dates for Vindija G(1) and Velika Pecína late Pleistocene hominid remains.

New accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dates taken directly on human remains from the Late Pleistocene sites of Vindija and Velika Pecina in the Hrvatsko Zagorje of Croatia raise the question of when early modern humans first dispersed into Europe and have implications for the nature and geographic patterning of biological and cultural interactions between these populations and the Neandertals.

Humans at the end of the Ice Age : the archaeology of the Pleistocene-Holocene transition

Introduction: The World at the End of the Last Ice Age L.G. Straus. The Pleistocene-Holocene Transition in Africa and the Near East: L. Straus. At the Transition: The Archaeology of the

Neandertals and modern humans in Western Asia

Issues of Evolution and Chronology: Evolutionary Implications of Altered Perspectives on Hominine Demes and Populations in the Later Pleistocene of Western Eurasia F.C. Howell. Chronological and

Marginal formations of the last Kara and Barents ice sheets in northern European Russia

Glacial landforms in northern Russia, from the Timan Ridge in the west to the east of the Urals, have been mapped by aerial photographs and satellite images supported by field observations. An

Neanderthal Acculturation in Western Europe? A Critical Review of the Evidence and Its Interpretation1

The presence of bone tools, personal ornaments, and apparently “modern” stone tools in European late Middle Paleolithic or pre‐Aurignacian Paleolithic contexts is generally interpreted as the result

Maximum extent of the Eurasian ice sheets in the Barents and Kara Sea region during the Weichselian

Based on field investigations in northern Russia and interpretation of offshore seismic data, we have made a preliminary reconstruction of the maximum ice‐sheet extent in the Barents and Kara Sea

The Colonization of Beringia and the Peopling of the New World

The discovery of a Paleoindian complex in central Alaska, combined with the recent redating of the Bering Land Bridge and key archeological sites, suggests that Beringia was settled during the final Pleistocene interstadial.

The Upper Palaeolithic settlement of Iberia: first-generation maps

Modelling of Upper Palaeolithic occupation in Iberia (one of the most important refugia of the last Ice Age) has enabled mapping of human occupation against an improving chronology of absolute dates.