Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago

@article{Pavlov2001HumanPI,
  title={Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago},
  author={Pavel Yu. Pavlov and John Inge Svendsen and Svein Indrelid},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2001},
  volume={413},
  pages={64-67}
}
The transition from the Middle to the Upper Palaeolithic, approximately 40,000–35,000 radiocarbon years ago, marks a turning point in the history of human evolution in Europe. Many changes in the archaeological and fossil record at this time have been associated with the appearance of anatomically modern humans. Before this transition, the Neanderthals roamed the continent, but their remains have not been found in the northernmost part of Eurasia. It is generally believed that this vast region… 

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