Human papillomavirus infection and the primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer.

@article{Lowy2008HumanPI,
  title={Human papillomavirus infection and the primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer.},
  author={Douglas R Lowy and Diane Solomon and Allan Hildesheim and John T. Schiller and Mark Schiffman},
  journal={Cancer},
  year={2008},
  volume={113 7 Suppl},
  pages={1980-93}
}
A wealth of evidence has led to the conclusion that virtually all cases of cervical cancer are attributable to persistent infection by a subset of human papillomavirus (HPV) types, especially HPV type 16 (HPV-16) and HPV-18. These HPV types also cause a proportion of other cancers, including vulvar, vaginal, anal, penile, and oropharyngeal cancers. Although cervical cancer screening, primarily with the Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, has reduced the incidence of this cancer in industrialized… CONTINUE READING
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