Human-mediated impacts on biodiversity and the consequences for zoonotic disease spillover

  title={Human-mediated impacts on biodiversity and the consequences for zoonotic disease spillover},
  author={Caroline Kate Glidden and Nicole Nova and Morgan P. Kain and Katherine M. Lagerstrom and Eloise B. Skinner and Lisa Mandle and Susanne H. Sokolow and Raina K. Plowright and Rodolfo Dirzo and Giulio A. De Leo and Erin A. Mordecai},
  journal={Current Biology},
2 Citations
Viral diversity and zoonotic risk in endangered species
A growing body of evidence links zoonotic disease risk, including pandemic threats, to biodiversity loss and other upstream anthropogenic impacts on ecosystem health. However, there is little current


Frontiers in research on biodiversity and disease.
It is emphasised the need to identify how the effects of diversity vary with temporal and spatial scale, to explore how realistic patterns of community assembly affect transmission, and to use experimental studies to consider mechanisms beyond simple changes in host richness, including shifts in trophic structure, functional diversity and symbiont composition.
Does biodiversity protect humans against infectious disease? Comment.
It is suggested that for many of the systems discussed by Wood et al. ( 2014), the role of diversity is not yet clear, at least if comparisons are between intact forest and degraded habitats, including in particular in tropical biomes.
Towards common ground in the biodiversity–disease debate
It is suggested that vector-borne, generalist wildlife and zoonotic pathogens are the types of parasites most likely to be affected by changes to biodiversity, and biodiversity conservation and management need to be considered alongside other disease management options.
Zoonotic host diversity increases in human-dominated ecosystems
It is shown that mammal species that harbour more pathogens overall are more likely to occur in human-managed ecosystems, suggesting that these trends may be mediated by ecological or life-history traits that influence both host status and tolerance to human disturbance.
Biodiversity inhibits parasites: Broad evidence for the dilution effect
Broad evidence is provided that host diversity inhibits parasite abundance using a meta-analysis of 202 effect sizes on 61 parasite species, indicating that dilution was robust across all ecological contexts examined and generally decreases parasitism and herbivory.
Does biodiversity protect humans against infectious disease?
Overall, it is hypothesized that conditions for the dilution effect are unlikely to be met for most important diseases of humans, and biodiversity probably has little net effect on most human infectious diseases but, when it has an effect, observation and basic logic suggest that biodiversity will be more likely to increase than to decrease infectious disease risk.
A meta‐analysis suggesting that the relationship between biodiversity and risk of zoonotic pathogen transmission is idiosyncratic
The results suggest that disease risk is more likely a local phenomenon that relies on the specific composition of reservoir hosts and vectors, and their ecology, rather than patterns of species biodiversity.
Ecological Countermeasures for Preventing Zoonotic Disease Outbreaks: When Ecological Restoration is a Human Health Imperative
It is made the case that ecological countermeasures are a tenet of restoration ecology with human health goals, and examples of ecological restoration activities that reduce zoonotic disease risk are provided.
The spread of pathogens through trade in wildlife.
The role of wildlife in the ecology of infectious disease, the staggering magnitude of the movement of wild animals and products across international borders in trade, the pathways by which they move, and the growing body of risk assessments from a multitude of disciplines are reviewed.