Human language cortex: localization of memory, syntax, and sequential motor-phoneme identification systems.

Abstract

Subdivisions of the human peri-Sylvian language cortex were derived from stimulation mapping during craniotomies under local anesthesia. Naming, reading, short-term verbal memory, single and sequential orofacial movements, and phoneme identification were tested. Sequential orofacial movements and phoneme identification were altered from the same brain sites and thus identified a common system for language production and understanding. This system surrounded a final motor pathway for speech and was surrounded by a separate short-term verbal-memory system. Between the sequential motor-phoneme identification and memory systems were sites where only naming or reading were altered, including sites related exclusively by syntax.

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@article{Ojemann1979HumanLC, title={Human language cortex: localization of memory, syntax, and sequential motor-phoneme identification systems.}, author={George A. Ojemann and Catherine A. Mateer}, journal={Science}, year={1979}, volume={205 4413}, pages={1401-3} }