Labor analgesia for the tobacco and ethanol abusing pregnant patient: a routine management?
- Krzysztof M. Kuczkowski
- Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Over the last 20 years, the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has grown from a small case series of Pneumocystis carinii infection in four homosexual men to one of the major health problems facing the world today. In the next 5 years, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is expected to kill more than 2.2 million people. In the United States, women of childbearing age constitute a large percentage of new cases of AIDS. Because of the increased prevalence of HIV in pregnant women, many anesthesiologists encounter these patients in their practice. The safety of regional neuraxial spread has been a concern in the past, nevertheless, recent analysis of the problem has shown that HIV infection in pregnancy does not contraindicate administration of regional anesthesia.