[Human immunodeficiency virus associated arthritis in Congo Brazzaville].


OBJECTIVE The authors report epidemiologic, clinical, para clinical, and evolutive aspects of arthritis related to HIV in an AIDS endemic country. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective study was made in the rheumatology department of the Brazzaville University Teaching Hospital during 15 years and 6 months, on 3.042 in-patients among whom 306 (10%) were positive for HIV, 220 (7.2%) presented with a rheumatologic manifestation, and 158 (71.8%) with HIV related arthritis. RESULTS The 158 patients included 91 men (57.6%), 67 women (42.4%), average 34.5 years of age, ranging from 15 to 61, all heterosexual. 99 patients (62.7%) were in the B stage, 40 (25.3%) in the C stage, and 19 (12.2%) in the A stage. Arthritis was polyarthritis (83.5%) or oligoarthritis (16.5%), symmetrical (97.5%), prevailing on the lower limbs (99.3%) with involvement of the great toe in 23% of cases. There was an important inflammatory syndrome with an erythrocyte sedimentation rate exceeding 100 mm for the 1st hour in 63.3% of the cases. Rhumatoid factors were negative. Synovial fluid was sterile, without microcrystals, and inflammatory. X-rays were normal. This non-destructive arthritis, evolved by successive bouts, and resolved in 2 to 5 weeks with NSAIDs and did not meet Amor nor European spondyloarthropathy criteria. CONCLUSION Arthritis related to HIV represents the principal expression of nonseptic rheumatologic HIV manifestations in Congo.

Cite this paper

@article{Ntsiba2007HumanIV, title={[Human immunodeficiency virus associated arthritis in Congo Brazzaville].}, author={Honor{\'e} Ntsiba and Madeleine Ngandeu-Singw{\'e} and C Makita-Bagamboula and Fid{\`e}l{\'e} Yala}, journal={Médecine et maladies infectieuses}, year={2007}, volume={37 11}, pages={758-61} }