Human emotion and the uncanny valley: A GLM, MDS, and Isomap analysis of robot video ratings

@article{Ho2008HumanEA,
  title={Human emotion and the uncanny valley: A GLM, MDS, and Isomap analysis of robot video ratings},
  author={Chin-Chang Ho and Karl F. MacDorman and Z. A. D. Dwi Pramono},
  journal={2008 3rd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)},
  year={2008},
  pages={169-176}
}
The eerie feeling attributed to human-looking robots and animated characters may be a key factor in our perceptual and cognitive discrimination of the human and humanlike. [] Key Result (3) Thus, strange may be more cognitive, while eerie and creepy are more perceptual/emotional. (4) Human features increase ratings of human likeness. (5) Women are slightly more sensitive to eerie and creepy than men; and older people may be more willing to attribute human likeness to a robot despite its eeriness.

Figures and Tables from this paper

Perceptual and Category Processing of the Uncanny Valley Hypothesis' Dimension of Human Likeness: Some Methodological Issues
TLDR
This protocol focuses on the DHL and allows examination of CP, a smooth linear change in the degree of physical humanlike similarity that can be understood in terms of the psychological effects of categorical perception (CP).
Refinements to Indices for Perceived Humanness, Attractiveness, and Eeriness
Using a hypothetical graph, Masahiro Mori proposed in 1970 the relation between the human likeness of robots and other anthropomorphic characters and an observer’s affective or emotional appraisal of
Measuring the Uncanny Valley Effect
TLDR
The revised indices enable empirical relations among characters to be plotted similarly to Mori’s graph of the uncanny valley, and can be used to enhance the design of androids and 3D computer animated characters.
Pupillary Responses to Robotic and Human Emotions: The Uncanny Valley and Media Equation Confirmed
TLDR
The results show that robots rated as nearly humanlike scored higher on uncanniness, scored lower on imagined social interaction, evoked weaker pupil dilations, and their emotional expressions were more difficult to recognize.
Human Perception of Animacy in Light of the Uncanny Valley Phenomenon
TLDR
In three studies, the uncanny valley hypothesis is corroborated, suggesting that the uncanny feeling may serve a function to wary humans of the potential danger of entities crossing the animate–inanimate boundary.
Category Processing and the human likeness dimension of the Uncanny Valley Hypothesis: Eye-Tracking Data
TLDR
The relative importance of facial features changed on the DHL’s non-human side as a function of categorization ambiguity, indicated by dwell time only, suggesting greater depth of perceptual processing of the eyes and mouth of ambiguous faces compared with these features in unambiguous avatar faces.
Human emotions toward stimuli in the uncanny valley: laddering and index construction
Mori (1970) proposed a hypothetical graph describing a nonlinear relation between a character’s degree of human likeness and the emotional response of the human perceiver. However, the index
Arousal, valence, and the uncanny valley: psychophysiological and self-report findings
TLDR
This multi-method approach using well-validated psychophysiological and self-rating indices of arousal and valence rejects – for passive observation and for explicit affective evaluation of static faces – the main prediction of the Uncanny Valley Hypothesis is tested.
Evaluating the Uncanny Valley Theory Based on Human Attitudes
Background The uncanny valley theory is an idea that was proposed by Masahiro Mori in 1970 regarding the psychological effects of lifelike robotics (Mori, 1970). The uncanny valley is a phenomenon
Measuring users' responses to humans, robots, and human-like robots with functional near infrared spectroscopy
TLDR
The results show a “valley” in brain activity in the PFC corresponding to the valley observed via subjective measures alone, thus suggesting one neural manifestation (the PFC) of uncanny valley effects and further supporting the affective response (aversion) posited to occur by the UVH.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 57 REFERENCES
Subjective Ratings of Robot Video Clips for Human Likeness , Familiarity , and Eeriness : An Exploration of the Uncanny Valley
Masahiro Mori observed that as robots come to look more humanlike, they seem more familiar, until a point is reached at which subtle deviations from human norms cause them to look creepy. He referred
How Convincing is Mr. Data's Smile: Affective Expressions of Machines
  • C. Bartneck
  • Computer Science
    User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction
  • 2004
TLDR
A model for the convincingness of affective expressions, based on Fogg and Hsiang Tseng (1999), is proposed and the empirical data did not support the original model and therefore a new model is proposed, which is based on appropriateness and intensity of the expressions.
Merced Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society Title Assessing Human Likeness by Eye Contact in an Android Testbed Permalink
The development of robots that closely resemble human beings enables us to investigate many phenomena related to human interactions that could not otherwise be investigated with mechanical-looking
The uncanny advantage of using androids in cognitive and social science research
The development of robots that closely resemble human beings can contribute to cognitive research. An android provides an experimental apparatus that has the potential to be controlled more precisely
The two general activation systems of affect: Structural findings, evolutionary considerations, and psychobiological evidence
D. Watson and A. Tellegen (1985) proposed a consensual structure of affect based on J. A. Russell's (1980) circumplex. The authors' review of the literature indicates that this 2-factor model
A cross-cultural study of a circumplex model of affect.
In the quest to understand how people conceptualize emotional feelings, one approach has been to seek the dimensions by which they perceive the similarities and differences among feelings. A
Gut Reactions: A Perceptual Theory of Emotion
Gut Reactions is an interdisciplinary defense of the claim that emotions are perceptions of changes in the body. This thesis, pioneered by William James and resuscitated by Antonio Damasio, has been
A perspective on disgust.
TLDR
The ontogeny of disgust, which the author believes develops during the first 8 years of life, is considered and the idea that feces, the universal disgust object, is also the first is explored, and the mechanisms for the acquisition of disgust are examined.
Automatic Emotion Prediction of Song Excerpts: Index Construction, Algorithm Design, and Empirical Comparison
Abstract Music's allure lies in its power to stir the emotions. But the relation between the physical properties of an acoustic signal and its emotional impact remains an open area of research. This
...
1
2
3
4
5
...